Why in News. Rare Ancient DNA Provides Window Into a 5,000-Year-Old South Asian Civilization The Indus Valley Civilization flourished alongside Mesopotamia and Egypt, but … identify a complex pattern of human migrations and admixture events in South and Central Asia by performing genetic analysis of more than 500 people who lived over the past 8000 years (see the Perspective by Schaefer and Shapiro). A press conference in New Delhi this morning, held to explain the findings of a much-awaited genetic study published on Thursday, saw some contentious themes in history being revisited. A report suggested that the findings of the study reinforced the Aryan invasion theory, because no Central Asian ancestry could be found in the DNA sample excavated. The primary source of ancestry in modern South Indians is a prehistoric genetic gradient between people related to early hunter-gatherers of Iran and Southeast Asia, a newly published study titled ‘An ancient Harappan genome lacks ancestry from Steppe pastoralists or Iranian farmers’ said.. The expectations of almost everyone were exactly what they turned out to be: that the Rakhigarhi DNA would show the two earlier ancestries (First Indian and “Iranian“), but no Steppe ancestry. M. kārṇī m. ʻ prime minister, supercargo of a ship ʼ, kul -- karṇī m. ʻ village accountant ʼ.kāraṇika m. ʻ teacher ʼ “To begin with the Kala produced Prajapati, who then produced all other Prajas.” Atharva Veda [53-10]. A draft of the Rakhigarhi study published last year had created a wave of discussion when it was reported that the skeletons lacked the R1a1 gene. This study, based on the ancient DNA of a woman who lived in the Harappan site of Rakhigarhi about 4,600 years ago, was published in Cell, co … Rakhigarhi, Rakhi Garhi (Rakhi Shahpur + Rakhi Khas), is a village in Hisar District in the state of Haryana in India, situated 150 kilometers to the northwest of Delhi.It is the site of a pre-Indus Valley Civilisation settlement going back to about 1600 BCE.Later, it was also part of the mature Indus Valley Civilisation, dating to 2600-1900 BCE. Here, extended and nuanced discussions of the finer points of molecular evidence would often conclude with kiss-offs along the lines of "you're an idiot" or "you're going to need psychiatric help when the results are out". New research using ancient DNA is rewriting prehistory in India - and shows that its civilisation is the result of multiple ancient migrations, writes Tony Joseph. Narasimhan et al. The findings oppose the theory that suggests migrants invaded India from central Asia and pushed the original inhabitants, the Dravidians, down south. Challenging the famous theory of an Aryan invasion ending the Indus Valley Civilization (IVC), analysis of DNA samples obtained from the skeletons excavated at the Mature Harappan cemetery at Rakhigarhi in Haryana says no mass migration into … Supercargo is a representative of the ship's owner on board a merchant ship, responsible for overseeing the cargo and its sale. A recent report in Economic Times announced thus: 'Harappan site of Rakhigarhi: DNA study finds no Central Asian trace, junks Aryan invasion theory'. The Rakhigarhi project shines light on an old enigma: the ­Harappans were genetically ‘Ancestral South Indian’ stock. Only a single sample yielded enough authentic ancient DNA for analysis: I6113, Rakhigarhi, Haryana, India (n = 1). The only differences, both before this report came out as well as after it … Union Budget (2020-21) has proposed to develop Rakhigarhi (Hisar district,Haryana) as an iconic site.. 4 other archaeological sites in Hastinapur (Uttar Pradesh), Shivsagar (Assam), Dholavira (Gujarat) and Adichanallur in (Tamil Nadu) will also be developed as iconic sites with onsite museums. They also identify H2b — one of the hundreds of mt-DNA haplogroups (or female lineages that are passed on from mothers to daughters) — that has often been found in proximity to R1a. Dr Chaubey had proved in 2009 itself that the Aryan invasion theory is bunkum. According to reports, the DNA tests of skeletal remains found at Rakhigarhi site in Haryana shows no foreign DNA suggesting that India had a local population that laid the foundation of the Vedas. In the ancient DNA from Rakhigarhi, scientists identify R1a, one of the hundreds of Y-DNA haplogroups (or male lineages that are passed on from fathers to sons). By Sunil Menon, Siddhartha Mishra. The DNA belongs to a woman who was buried four to five millennia ago in Rakhigarhi, now part of Haryana in India. (pic via Twitter) The much-awaited DNA study of the skeletal remains found at the Harappan site of Rakhigarhi, Haryana, shows no Central […] In the Vedic doctrine, the astral life span of a pitra, or ancestor, is 3,000 years. Harappan site of Rakhigarhi: DNA study finds no Central Asian trace, junks Aryan invasion theory A human skeleton found at the Rakhigarhi site. An insufficient number of archaeological surveys has been carried out to date on Harappan Civilization cemeteries. One case in point is the necropolis at Rakhigarhi site (Haryana, India), one of the largest cities of the Harappan Civilization, where most burials within the cemetery remained uninvestigated. This time we have used autosomes, which means all major 23 chromosomes, for our studies. Ancient DNA has allowed us to begin tracing the history of human movements across the globe. Wesolowski's site witnessed frequent arguments over the likelihood that Rakhigarhi DNA would turn up the R1a1 marker. We report the archeological context dates for this burial in Method Details. Which is to say, all of us in South Asia are their children. The study argues that the DNA analysis shows that the people at Rakhigarhi, and the individual whose skeleton was examined, are from a population … August 13, 2018. Naturally it … As for the current report on the Rakhigarhi cemetery, we could not be sure whether the signs of cranial trauma possibly caused by interpersonal violence had been the outcome of a differentiated society's structured violence, as proposed by Robbins Schug et al. NEW DELHI: The first study of the DNA samples of the skeletal remains excavated from Rakhigarhi, an Indus Valley Civilisation (IVC) site in Haryana, has found no traces of Iranian farmer or steppe pastoralist ancestry, which according to the lead archaeologist in the team raises doubt over the long-held theory of Aryan invasion or migration into South Asia. No foreign genes or DNA has entered the Indian mainstream in the last 60,000 years,” Dr Chaubey said. ; Rakhigarhi. “That was based on low resolution genetic markers. Rakhigarhi is the largest Harappan site in the Indian subcontinent. We attempted to generate genome-wide data from skeletal remains of 61 ancient individuals from the IVC site of Rakhigarhi. The first genome sequence of a woman from Rakhigarhi, the largest town in Indus Valley Civilisation, has shed some light on the origins of people who built this ancient civilisation around five millennia ago 1. 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