Why do they behave differently? While they are found in the deep south, these seals prefer the pack ice of the sub-Antarctic islands. As an agent of change, you have the power to change the world. Zegrahm Expeditions Most of these Arctic animals live in the tundra—the open plains located just north of the taiga. It's the difference between arc and antarc, as in Atlas and Antiatlas.. the same but different. Typically, though, they reside near the coastal waters of Antarctica, where they dine on squid and krill. DID YOU KNOW: Arctic foxes don’t start getting chilly until the temperature hits -50°C (-58°F) (!) Then, they jump high and pounce through the snow crust to get it. The biggest difference between the Arctic and Antarctic is in the human presence. Cracks in the Ice. King, chinstrap, and gentoo are three more species of penguins to spot. The largest land creature in our southernmost continent is the Belgica antartica, a tiny wingless fly … Check out our wide variety of polar Expedition trips here. SIZE: 0.5m (1.6 ft) tall, with a wingspan of 1.5m (5 ft). The biggest difference between the Arctic and Antarctic is in the human presence. (You can visit many polar bear habitats on our Realm of the Polar Bear tour, endorsed by animal activist Jane Goodall.). The Arctic also boasts much more flora – nearly 1,500 difference species – than its icy southern counterpart. The primary difference between the Arctic and the Antarctic is a geological one. This is largely due to the Arctics connection with the mainlands of other continents, during the winter months with the sea freezes over. In both places the winters are frozen and devastatingly dark. SIZE: 1.6 to 2.1m (5 to 6.9 ft) tall, 65 to 210kg (143 to 463 lbs). Arctic land is bordered by the subarctic. How many adults still think penguins live in the Arctic?! Born and raised in Louisiana, he has lived as an expat for over a decade, worked in nearly a dozen countries, and visited dozens of others in between. While travelers visit both locales in their respective summer seasons, these seasons fall in different times of the year: Arctic expedition cruises run from May through September, and Antarctic expeditions from November through … Key Difference: The most obvious difference between Antarctic and Arctic is that Antarctic is located in the southern hemisphere and encompasses the South Pole region, whereas Arctic is located in the northern hemisphere and encompasses the North Pole region. This is an effect of the oceanic climate moderating the temperature up north. Geography - Antarctica is a land mass, a continent. The main difference between Arctic and Antarctic is that the Arctic is a polar region on the Earth's northern hemisphere and ... in the Arctic includes organisms living in the ice, zooplankton and phytoplankton, fish and marine mammals, birds, land animals, plants and human societies. However, they are quite different. Many people do not know how the Arctic differs from the Antarctic? SIZE: 115cm tall (45 in), up to 40kg (88 lbs). If you were to stand at either pole, the view would be superficially very similar, there would be a great expanse of flat (ish) white snow and ice as far as the eye can see with few or no other features to break up the vista. Flora: Mainly tundra and flowering plants. SIZE: 2.8 to 3m (9.1 to 9.8 ft) long, 300 to 500kg (661 to 1,102 lbs). Whereas the Arctic is an ocean surrounded by continents. Males can weigh upwards of 8,000 pounds and 15 feet long, while females rarely exceed 1,800 pounds and nine feet long. There are also more varieties of seals, including the crabeater, southern fur, and Weddell. Aquatic animals are another ever-present and wonderful attraction. The first difference between the Arctic and Antarctica is they’re located on opposite sides of the world. They spend their entire lives in the Arctic, feeding mostly on seals. Arctic sea ice has declined over the past five decades, while Antarctic sea ice has increased, and then declined. Their only predators are humans. * The Antarctic has penguins and the Arctic doesn't. right. HABITAT: Minkes favour “open pack ice” (when there’s a lot of open water between ice floes) in the summer, and migrate to tropical waters come winter. Whereas the Arctic is an ocean surrounded by continents. They’re found throughout the Arctic, from Canada and Greenland to Russia and Scandinavia. Floes are more prone to converge, or bump into each other… The Arctic and the Antarctic have plenty in common — namely, both regions are vast, cold, and best accessed by boat. The Arctic is home to animals like polar bears, and the arctic fox, whereas Antarctica is home to the penguins, and a large population of whales. CONSERVATION STATUS: Near Threatened. Scotland, Flora and fauna are very different at the Poles. The seas are full of whales (such as orca and beluga) and seal species (ringed, bearded, hooded, spotted, harp, and ribbon). Next: More arctic and more Antarctica, including Science and survival on Continent 7 and Drifting With the Ice: Life on an Arctic Expedition. This is helped by the fact that Arctic territories are connected to continents like North America, Europe or Asia; while Antarctic is a harsh and isolated continent. These large marine mammals, who move easily between ice, water and land, are part of the diverse fauna of the Arctic Ocean.. What keeps this marine ecosystem going are organisms you can't see with the naked eye: microscopic phytoplankton and ice algae. But while they share cold temperatures, Arctic and Antarctic vary drastically in the type of animal life they harbour. This ability makes them extremely interesting to scientists. But there is a big difference between the two: there is sea water below the Arctic ice cap, and there is rocky mainland below the Antarctic ice cap. Note: If you only want to remove this post from public view, you can choose to unpublish it instead. Lifetime Deposits™ We accept no responsibility for any videos from third-party sources. Difference Between Arctic And Antarctic: On our planet, we have two polar regions: The Arctic, whose name comes from the Greek Arktikos, of the North, and the Antarctic from Antarktikos, opposite of the North (South Pole). Arctic Animals A List of Arctic Wildlife Antarctic animals here - south polar. Arctic Fox In general, there are far more species of animals living in the Arctic than in the Antarctic, including foxes, hares, birds, walrus, caribou, squirrels and lemmings to name a few. Even so, both the Arctic and Antarctic are home to some incredible wildlife. Caribou and reindeer are, in fact, the same species. Sea ice differs between the Arctic and Antarctic, primarily because of their different geography. Arctic vs Antarctic Travel Seasons. Antarctica and the South Pole are land areas covered by ice, whereas the ice around the North Pole in the Arctic is pack ice and ice floes that float on the ocean, surrounded by land masses. Falkland Islands, The Arctic is an ocean, covered by a thin layer of perennial sea ice and surrounded by land. * The Antarctic has no trees. Although both polar and tundra regions refer to the environmental systems with very cold climates, they are different from each other in that polar … DID YOU KNOW: Though they’re tiny — only about the size of your pinky finger — there are so many krill in the Southern Ocean that, at some points during the year, giant schools can be spotted from space. Travel lovers gift guide: 5 gifts that give back! The symbol of the Arctic is often the polar bear, the pole's cute yet fearsome top predator. The largest of all penguins, emperor penguins can be nearly four feet tall and weigh almost 90 pounds. Antarctica is a land mass even though much of it is buried under snow and ice. Antarctica is devoid of large land animals Another difference between the Arctic and Antarctica is that Antarctica is devoid of large land animals. The Arctic is also home to walruses and puffins - neither of which are found in Antarctica. Lately we've heard a lot about the negative impacts mass tourism has had on beloved destinations such as Barcelona, Venice, and Scotland’s Isle of... We know that curious explorers like yourself will not be content to sit idle during this time of isolation and social distancing, so we reached... Sunday, January 5, 2020Ushuaia, Argentina. Temperatures. … As a result, Arctic wildlife and Antarctica wildlife are vastly different, and the regions are inhabited primarily by specialized species. North American populations of rangifer tarandus are called caribou, European ones are reindeer, and none of them can fly (as far we know). One notable difference is that polar bears live only in the Arctic, and penguins live only in the Antarctic. DID YOU KNOW: Minke whales are the smallest of the baleen whales, and the only species of whale that is still commonly found in Antarctica. Want to check out the polar bears of the Arctic? King, chinstrap, and gentoo are three more species of penguins to spot. In Antarctica, where there’s very little flora and even less fresh water, the largest land animal is a midge. Flora: Mainly tundra and flowering plants. The Arctic is largely sea, with the north pole over 400 miles away from the nearest land mass. Scroll down for a list of 6 differences between the Arctic and Antarctic regions. This Webby award-winning video collection exists to help teachers, librarians, and families spark kid wonder and curiosity. They are known to travel up to 3,000 miles every year and can run nearly 50 mph. CONSERVATION STATUS: Vulnerable. The Arctic summer has daylight 24 hours a day. The fauna is also not the same. Next: More arctic and more Antarctica, including Science and survival on Continent 7 and Drifting With the Ice: Life on an Arctic Expedition. On Antarctica there was never a native community; no one even saw the Antarctic until 1820, no one stepped on it until two years later, and since 1898 no one has spent a whole year there. We also share information about your use of our site with our social media, advertising and analytics partners. by Stacy Lee Kong Posted on 22 June 2017. With less vegetation and large expanses of icy nothingness, animal life is more or less relegated to the relatively pristine coastlines. Interestingly, there is one species of bird—the Arctic tern—which is famed for annually migrating from one polar region to the other. During this time, the ocean is full of tiny plants and animals called plankton. thanks to a thick coat (the thickest of any Arctic animal), fur-covered feet (even the soles) and a bushy tail that does double duty as an additional layer of warmth. Source: Wikimedia. Polar bears can only be found in the Arctic, penguins can only be found in the Antarctic, all other animals are typically found in both places. The areas around the north and the south poles are called the Arctic and the Antarctic regions, respectively. On Antarctica there was never a native community; no one even saw the Antarctic until 1820, no one stepped on it until two years later, and since 1898 no one has spent a whole year there. Penguins live in the Antarctic and are not found in the north pole. FREE Resource! Antarctica. They are in the water so often that they’re considered a hybrid aquatic-land animal, hunting at the edge between ice and sea. By continuing to use this website, you consent to our use of this technology. As a whole, the Arctic is home to far more animals than the Antarctic. The Arctic is an ocean, covered by a thin layer of perennial sea ice and surrounded by land. In Antarctica, the marine fauna boasts sea lions, whales, seals and elephant seals, amongst other creatures. Summers are still somewhat frozen (though, thanks to global warming, increasingly less so), but endlessly bright. The Arctic and the Antarctic are the polar regions of the world. Both climates can be extremely hostile, and they are each other's exact opposite: desert animals endure extreme heat, while arctic animals live within extreme cold. The Arctic and Antarctica have glaciers, icebergs and snowstorms – though both are among the regions on Earth where precipitation is lowest. A region with vaguely defined limits, it extends over six countries that border the Arctic Ocean: Canada, the USA (Alaska), Denmark (Greenland), Russia, Norway and Iceland. They have unique, forward-facing ears to help them hunt by hearing prey under the snow. Experts believe a drastic population loss of about 4 percent a year is due to fisheries — the birds range so far afield that they encounter many longline fleets, upping their risk of being caught accidentally. DID YOU KNOW: Though leopard seals are known for eating penguins, they’ll actually eat just about anything, including squid, fish, and the pups of other seal species. * The Antarctic has penguins and the Arctic doesn't. They are actually more closely related to sheep than oxen: Their Latin name, Ovibos, translates to “sheep-ox.” Arctic wolves are their main natural predator. So I guess that would be a main difference; they are both pretty chilly at times, long days and nights. SIZE: 1.1m (3.6 ft) long, 8 to 11.5kg (18 to 25 lbs). There are many differences between the two regions of the world in a description of the environment, the weather, the plants and animals that live there, and the amount of human activity. Antarctica is devoid of large land animals. The only real notable differences between the north and south poles are that the seasons occur at opposing times of the year, and Antarctica is generally frostier than the Artic. Arctic, Video recipes: 5 cocktails from around the world for New Year's Eve. The main difference between the Arctic and the Antarctic is geography. Most of the small plants and thick-haired animals, such as musk ox, in the region live on this land. Weighing a mere 11 pounds, Adelie penguins live in the deep, deep south and travel long distances inland to nest. There was even a rumoured sighting in Bermuda in 2013! Plus, some of them are weirdly cute (see: the water bear). Antarctica and the South Pole are land areas covered by ice, whereas the ice around the North Pole in the Arctic is pack ice and ice floes that float on the ocean, surrounded by land masses. And, as anyone who’s seen Happy Feet knows, dads are the ones who care for the egg, keeping it tucked between their feet and belly feathers until it hatches. Arctic land is bordered by the subarctic. Day 1 - Arctic vs Antarctica Today we will be finding out about the polar environments and finding out the differences between the arctic and the antarctic. While the Arctic is located in the North Pole region, the Antarctic is located at the South Pole. HABITAT: Leopard seals live on and around pack ice throughout the southern hemisphere, from the Antarctic coast to sub-Antarctic islands like Heard, McDonald, and the South Sandwich Islands. To publish it, click on the 'Publish' button on the Due to being long and slender, they are often much larger (second only to southern elephant seals) than they appear. The Arctic gets an average of less than 20 inches of annual precipitation, and the Antarctic is functionally a desert—the area around the South Pole gets six inches of precipitation in an average year. This is largely due to the Arctics connection with the mainlands of other continents, during the winter months with the sea freezes over. That is Arctic is... • Antarctica is a continent surrounded by the world’s stormiest seas. Their respective adaptations are consequently usually designed for either heat or cold. The main difference between Arctic and Antarctic is that the Arctic is a polar region on the Earth's northern hemisphere and ... in the Arctic includes organisms living in the ice, zooplankton and phytoplankton, fish and marine mammals, birds, land animals, plants and human societies. We will plunge into the wonderful world of two poles and learn all about animals… 24/7 Service. Map of Antarctica. 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