The F-117 was to be replaced in the USAF by the F-22 Raptor before the F-22 programme was cancelled in 2009 and replaced with the cheaper and more versatile F-35 Joint Strike Fighter. 2 Vega • ", "Operation Desert Storm Evaluation of the Air Campaign GAO/NSIAD-97-134", "Serb discusses 1999 downing of stealth. A televised documentary quoted project manager Alan Brown as saying that Robert J. Dixon, a four-star Air Force general who was the head of Tactical Air Command felt that the top-notch USAF fighter pilots required to fly the new aircraft were more easily attracted to an aircraft with an "F" designation for fighter, as opposed to a bomber ("B") or attack ("A") designation. Das F-117A-Programm hat nachgewiesen, dass es möglich ist, ein verlässliches und – die Außenhaut ausgenommen – wartungsfreundliches Tarnkappenflugzeug zu entwickeln und zu bauen. [59][60] The aircraft returned to Spangdahlem base,[60] but it supposedly never flew again.[61][62]. [112] The experimental Remora F-117X was featured in the 1996 film Executive Decision. C-66 • MQM-105 • In 1964, Pyotr Ufimtsev, a Soviet mathematician, published a seminal paper titled Method of Edge Waves in the Physical Theory of Diffraction in the journal of the Moscow Institute for Radio Engineering, in which he showed that the strength of the radar return from an object is related to its edge configuration, not its size. Die F-117 besitzt zwei Bombenschächte. C-40 • The Lockheed F-117 Nighthawk is a retired American single-seat, twin-engine stealth attack aircraft that was developed by Lockheed's secretive Skunk Works division and operated by the United States Air Force (USAF). The United States Air Force, at the beginning of the F-117 program, had an acquisition command (Air Force Systems Command) and a support command (Air Force Logistics Command). The Lockheed F-117A Nighthawk was the world's first operational stealth aircraft. [74], Although officially retired, the F-117 fleet remained intact as of 2009, with photos showing the aircraft carefully mothballed. [45] During that invasion two F-117A Nighthawks dropped two bombs on Rio Hato airfield. Dezember 2006 legte die USAF die ersten zehn Nighthawks still und deaktivierte die 7th Fighter Squadron. ", According to a statement by the United States Air Force, "Aircraft in Type-1000 storage are to be maintained until recalled to active service, should the need arise. 1F-117A-1-1, 1992; Disclaimer: This item is sold for historical and reference Only. C-130 (KC-130) (AC-130) • "Gallant Knights, MiG-29 in Action during Allied Force. F-21 • 86-0831) left Palmdale to fly to Tonopah on 11 August 2008. Die F-117 besitzt kein Radar, keine Bordkanone und ist nicht für die Bekämpfung von fliegenden Zielen ausgerüstet. Die bemerkenswert schnelle Fertigstellung der ersten Serienflugzeuge innerhalb von nur fünf Jahren ist vor allem dem Aeronautical Systems Center der Air Force auf der Wright-Patterson Air Force Base in Ohio zu verdanken, die dies durch ein optimiertes Testprogramm und die gute Zusammenarbeit mit dem Hersteller ermöglichte. The unsolicited proposal was received poorly by the Department of Defense, which had little interest in the single mission capabilities of such an aircraft, particularly as it would take money away from the Joint Advanced Strike Technology program, which evolved into the Joint Strike Fighter. [93] Neither the F-117N nor the F-117B were ordered. [88][89] The "N" variant would also be re-engined to use General Electric F414 turbofans instead of the older General Electric F404s. Later supercomputers made it possible for subsequent aircraft like the B-2 bomber to use curved surfaces while maintaining stealth, through the use of far more computational resources to perform the additional calculations. L-649 Constellation • PO / WV • CP-140 • August 1992 stürzte eine Maschine bei La Luz ab. X-17 • F-104 • [113], Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era, Single-seat, twin-engine stealth ground-attack aircraft from Lockheed, "F-117" redirects here. C-37 • [48] Initial reports of F-117s hitting 80% of their targets were later scaled back to "41–60%". However, there were no other aircraft to receive a "100" series number following the F-111. [30] Most modern U.S. military aircraft use post-1962 designations in which the designation "F" is usually an air-to-air fighter, "B" is usually a bomber, "A" is usually a ground-attack aircraft, etc. The F-117A program demonstrated that a stealth aircraft can be designed for reliability and maintainability. The parts were originally described as spares on budgets for these aircraft, to keep the F-117 project secret. Shooting Star P-80, F-80 • Die F-117 kann in den zwei internen Waffenschächten Waffen mit einem Gewicht von bis ca. [25], American sources state that a second F-117 was targeted and damaged during the campaign, allegedly on 30 April 1999. "F-117A retirement bittersweet occasion. p. 315. F-5 • P-80 / F-80 • Colin is a Boldmethod co-founder, pilot and graphic artist. Its first mission was during the United States invasion of Panama in 1989. All military personnel were permanently assigned to Nellis AFB, and most personnel and their families lived in Las Vegas. [51] This meant they avoided the optically aimed anti-aircraft cannon and infrared SAMs which were the biggest threat to Coalition aircraft. This page was last edited on 22 January 2021, at 10:12. März 1999 die F-117A mit der Seriennummer 82-0806 abzuschießen. XFV-1 • ", "Yep, F-117 Stealth Fighters Are Still Flying in 2015", "F-117 Nighthawk – still out there, still flying (clearest photos yet)", "F-117 Stealth Jets Flew Directly Over Los Angeles on Another Mission Off The California Coast", "F-117 Nighthawk – still out there, still flying (clearest photos yet) UPDATED", "Agressor F117? Általában bombapárokat hordoz: GBU-10, GBU-12 vagy GBU-27 lézerirányítású bombákat, BLU-109 penetrációs bombákat, WCMD szélkorrekciós robbanófej szórókat, vagy … C-57 • Unvermeidbar rückstrahlende Bauelemente sind einziehbar oder verdeckt angebracht. [65] The planned introduction of the multirole F-35 Lightning II also contributed to the retirement decision. X-7 • QSST, Y1A-9 • The loss in Serbia caused the USAF to create a subsection of their existing weapons school to improve tactics. X-44 • Soviet fighters obtained by the U.S. via various means under the Constant Peg program[33] were given F-series numbers for their evaluation by U.S. pilots, and with the advent of the Teen Series fighters, most often Century Series designations. A Royal Air Force (RAF) pilot who flew it as an exchange officer stated that when he first saw a photograph of the still-secret F-117, he "promptly giggled and thought to [himself] 'this clearly can't fly'". [18] Teile des Luftfahrzeugs befinden sich heute im Luftfahrtmuseum am Flughafen Belgrad. Reichweite über 500 km. On their first deployment, with the aid of aerial refueling, pilots flew non-stop from Holloman to Kuwait, a flight of approximately 18.5 hours. During the program's early years, from 1984 to mid-1992, the F-117A fleet was based at Tonopah Test Range Airport, Nevada, where it served under the 4450th Tactical Group. Of the 64 F-117s built, 59 were production versions, with the other five being prototypes. Die bisher klarsten Fotos gelangen am 26. und 27. [15], The maiden flight of the demonstrators occurred on 1 December 1977. Der erste Einsatz einer F-117A erfolgte am 19./20. F-16 • XV-4 • Không lực Hoa Kỳ là lực lượng duy nhất sử dụng loại máy bay này, nó là hậu duệ trực tiếp của chương trình mẫu tàng hình Have Blue. By the 1970s, when Lockheed analyst Denys Overholser found Ufimtsev's paper, computers and software had advanced significantly, and the stage was set for the development of a stealth airplane. The F-117 reached initial operating capability status in 1983. F-4 • [69] The decommissioning occurred in eight phases, with the operational aircraft retired to Tonopah in seven waves from 13 March 2007 until the last wave's arrival on 22 April 2008. Although the F-specific ssRNA phage MS2 has long had paradigm status, little is known about penetration of the genomic RNA (gRNA) into the cell. Neptune P-2 • D-21 • F-117 • At an early date in the program’s development, AFLC was brought in by including a few individuals who worked in Detachment 6, 2762d Logistics Supp… [49] On the first night, they failed to hit 40% of their assigned air-defense targets, including the Air Defense Operations Center in Baghdad, and 8 such targets remained functional out of 10 that could be assessed. F/A-18 (F/A-18E/F) • Juli 2019 eine F-117A über dem gleichen Gebiet beobachtet, die einen schwarz-weiß-grauen Anstrich zeigte, der mit einer neuen Aufgabe für dieses Flugzeug in Verbindung gebracht wird.[11]. Für Missionen, die in gut verteidigte Zielgebiete führen, wurde ein automatisiertes Missionsplanungssystem entwickelt, um die Fähigkeiten der F-117 voll ausnutzen zu können. JetStar • The resulting unusual design surprised and puzzled experienced pilots. PV • The F-117A's split internal bay can carry 5,000 pounds (2,300 kg) of ordnance. F-14 • After the announcement pilots could fly the F-117 during daytime and no longer needed to be associated with the A-7, flying the T-38 supersonic trainer for travel and training instead. Y1C-17 • In 1992, the entire fleet was transferred to Holloman Air Force Base, New Mexico, under the command of the 49th Fighter Wing. So the F-117 represented 32% of all coalition aircraft that could deliver such bombs. Die Serben machten die Wrackteile später russischen Ingenieuren zur Untersuchung zugänglich. 82-0806) was lost to enemy action. [3] Zum 31. T2V (T-1), CL-400 • [15] By bringing together existing technology and components, Lockheed built two demonstrators under budget, at $35 million for both aircraft, and in record time. Die Wartungsstatistiken entsprechen in etwa denen anderer taktischer Kampfflugzeuge ähnlicher Komplexität. The F-117 was based on the Have Blue technology demonstrator. [15] These subscale aircraft incorporated jet engines of the Northrop T-38A, fly-by-wire systems of the F-16, landing gear of the A-10, and environmental systems of the C-130. Although it was commonly referred to as the "Stealth Fighter", it was strictly a ground-attack aircraft. ", "Navy Looks On with Envy at Air Force Stealth Display. Die HOTAS-Flugkontrollsysteme in Fly-by-wire-Technik sind vierfach redundant ausgelegt und mit künstlicher Stabilität ausgerüstet. Ab Oktober 1983 war die erste Staffel einsatzbereit. [citation needed]. Ventura • [10] Its faceted shape (made from 2-dimensional flat surfaces) resulted from the limitations of the 1970s-era computer technology used to calculate its radar cross-section. RQ-3 • [44] Pilots told friends and families that they flew the Northrop F-5 in aggressor squadrons against Tactical Air Command.[25]. L-100 Hercules • Lockheed F-117A Chim ưng đêm, tên hiệu "Hạt huyền", là chiếc máy bay có thể sử dụng đầu tiên trên thế giới được thiết kế hoàn toàn theo công nghệ tàng hình. Raptor • The F-117 program was begun by AFSC using a carve-out System Program Office (SPO) established within the Aeronautical Systems Center (ASC) at Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio. [90] To boost interest, Lockheed also proposed an F-117B land-based variant that shared most of the F-117N capabilities. [86][87], The United States Navy tested the F-117 in 1984 but determined it was not suitable for carrier use. Montag bis Freitag, 7 bis 17 Uhr: Tel 069 24741-7777 oder. [16] Although both aircraft were lost during the demonstration program, test data proved positive. The obvious and logical conclusion was that even a large aircraft could reduce its radar signature by exploiting this principle. The F-117 is primarily an attack aircraft,[1] so its "F" designation is inconsistent with the DoD system. [1] Am 17. C-36 • SA-3s were then launched by a Yugoslav version of the Soviet Isayev S-125 "Neva" (NATO name SA-3 "Goa") anti-aircraft missile system. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 12. ", "China's new stealth fighter may use U.S. technology", "Yes, Serbian Air Defenses Did Hit Another F-117 During Operation Allied Force In 1999", "Description of our Failing Defence Acquisition System. [11][12] The project began in 1975 with a model called the "Hopeless Diamond"[13][14] (a wordplay on the Hope Diamond because of its appearance). [8][21][9], The first YF-117A, serial number 79-10780, made its maiden flight from Groom Lake ("Area 51"), Nevada, on 18 June 1981,[22] only 31 months after the full-scale development decision. L-1049 Super Constellation • L-049 Constellation • ", "New Mexico Air Force base at crossroads. Rich and Janos, Skunk Works, pp. XP-58 • 79-0784 was scrapped at the Palmdale test facility on 26 April 2008. 137–38. Downward-Looking-Infra-Red ausgerüstet. The assumption prior to the revealing of the aircraft to the public was that it would likely receive the F-19 designation as that number had not been used. Wenn Sie KVH-Mitglied sind und hier nicht finden, was Sie suchen, hat unsere info.line immer ein offenes Ohr für Ihr Anliegen. [52], The aircraft was operated in secret from Tonopah for almost a decade, but after the Gulf War the aircraft moved to Holloman in 1992—however, its integration with the USAF's non-stealth "iron jets" occurred slowly. April 2008 statt. Grund war die fehlerhafte Montage einer Rohrleitung am Triebwerk. XC-35 • Constitution • Diese besteht unter anderem aus elektrisch leitenden Kunststoff-Dipolen, abgestimmt auf die zu absorbierende Frequenz. The F-117A traces its origins to the early 1970s, when DARPA took a serious interest in the idea of a tactical aircraft designed for minimal radar cross section (RCS; see TE May 1987). The General Dynamics F-111 Aardvark is a retired American supersonic, medium-range interdictor and tactical attack aircraft that also filled the roles of strategic nuclear bomber, aerial reconnaissance, and electronic-warfare aircraft in its various versions. The Lockheed F-117 Nighthawk is a retired American single-seat, twin-engine stealth attack aircraft that was developed by Lockheed's secretive Skunk Works division and operated by the United States Air Force (USAF). EC-121 • Many news articles discussed what they called a "F-19" stealth fighter, and the Testor Corporation produced a very inaccurate scale model. [53][54][55] The launcher was run by the 3rd Battalion of the 250th Air Defence Missile Brigade under the command of Colonel Zoltán Dani. [92] This renewed F-117N proposal was also known as the A/F-117X. F-3 • U-2 (TR-1) • It was the first operational aircraft to be designed around stealth technology. [4] Ufimtsev was extending theoretical work published by the German physicist Arnold Sommerfeld. 4 Explorer • B-37, Y1C-12 • Y1C-23 • After being rebuffed by the Navy, Lockheed submitted an updated proposal that included afterburning capability and a larger emphasis on the F-117N as a multi-mission aircraft, rather than just an attack aircraft. Die Bezeichnung „Cockroach“ (Kakerlake) ist ebenfalls geläufig, jedoch wurde diese Bezeichnung von Programminsidern nie genutzt, sondern stammt vielmehr von Außenstehenden, nachdem das Flugzeug „öffentlich“ wurde. [68] The first six aircraft to be retired took their last flight on 12 March 2007 after a ceremony at Holloman AFB to commemorate the aircraft's career. R2O • Features The unique design of the single-seat F-117A provides exceptional combat capabilities. [27], Five Full Scale Development (FSD) aircraft were built, designated "YF-117A". 3 Air Express • S-3, AQM-60 • 5 Vega • [24], The F-117 was secret for much of the 1980s. [72], Five aircraft were placed in museums, including the first four YF-117As and some remains of the F-117 shot down over Serbia. Im Dritten Golfkrieg wurden dabei 40 F-117A eingesetzt und flogen 1270 Kampfeinsätze. Nixon, Mark. Berkley. [26] In April 1990, two F-117 aircraft were flown into Nellis Air Force Base, Nevada, arriving during daylight and publicly displayed to a crowd of tens of thousands. [10][failed verification] With these design considerations and no afterburner, the F-117 is limited to subsonic speeds. [84], In March 2020, a spectator recorded an F-117 flying through the "Star Wars Canyon" in Death Valley, California. The last F-117 (AF Serial No. SR-72 • 14 Super Electra • F-11 • B-34 • F-15 • This is an inconsistency that has been repeatedly employed by the U.S. Air Force with several of its attack aircraft since the late 1950s, including the Republic F-105 Thunderchief and General Dynamics F-111 Aardvark. The F-117A carries no radar, which lowers emissions and cross-section, and whether it carries any radar detection equipment remained classified as of 2008. P-175 • C-111 • [citation needed], One F-117 (AF ser. Dies wird als einer der größten Nachteile der F-117 angesehen. F-35 • L-44 Excalibur • TO / TV • The F-117, which entered service with the U.S Air Force in 1983, was leading edge equipment as the first operational aircraft to be designed around stealth technology, while the Yugoslav air defenses were considered relatively obsolete. [2], The Omaha Nighthawks professional American football team used the F-117 Nighthawk as its logo. He believed smoothly blended shapes offered the best combination of speed and stealth. Y1C-25 • Daher ist die Bezeichnung als „F-117“ nach dem Bezeichnungssystem für Luftfahrzeuge der US-Streitkräfte eigentlich regelwidrig. Bei modernen Tarnkappenflugzeugen wie der Northrop B-2 wird die facettierte Form nicht mehr verwendet, was unter anderem aerodynamische Vorteile bringt. The aircraft would be optionally fitted with hardpoints, allowing for an additional 8,000 lb (3,600 kg) of payload, and a new ground-attack radar with air-to-air capability. The F-117A Nighthawk is the world's first operational aircraft designed to exploit low-observable stealth technology. F-6 • Typical weapons are a pair of GBU-10, GBU-12, or GBU-27 laser-guided bombs, two BLU-109 penetration bombs, or two Joint Direct Attack Munitions (JDAMs), a GPS/INS guided stand-off bomb. The Lockheed F-117 is a single-seat, twin-engine stealth ground-attack aircraft that is operated by the United States Air Force. Der offizielle Name der Lockheed F-117 ist laut dem Department of Defence (DoD) Night Hawk,[20] wobei Nighthawk selbst offiziell ebenso geläufig ist. [6] Von der Holloman AFB aus starteten die letzten F-117 in Richtung Tonopah Test Range in Nevada. Super Constellation • Die Form ist so gewählt, dass bei normaler Fluglage am ganzen Flugzeug keine Flächenanordnung existiert, die Radarstrahlen direkt oder indirekt zum Empfänger reflektiert. The F-117 was later used in the Operation Enduring Freedom in 2001 and Operation Iraqi Freedom in 2003. [41] Among the penalties for stealth are lower engine thrust due to losses in the inlet and outlet, a very low wing aspect ratio, and a high sweep angle (50°) needed to deflect incoming radar waves to the sides. UC-85 • Der Erstflug fand bereits 31 Monate später, am 18. [53][57] The stealth technology from the downed F-117 may have been acquired by Russia and China,[58] but the United States did not attempt to destroy the wreckage because senior Pentagon officials argued that its technology was already dated and no longer important to protect. The F-117A program demonstrates that a stealth aircraft can be designed for reliability and maintainability. [10], It was a black project, an ultra-secret program for much of its life; very few people in the Pentagon knew the program even existed. [76][77][78][79][80] In March 2019, it was reported that four F-117s had been secretly deployed to the Middle East in 2016 and that one had to make an emergency landing at Ali Al Salem (AAS), Kuwait sometime late that year. Die Signale der, Am 11. As a result, its performance in air combat maneuvering required in a dogfight would never match that of a dedicated fighter aircraft. April 1982, als bei der Inbetriebnahme des Fluglagereglers ein Fehler unterlief. This required commercial air and trucking to transport personnel between Las Vegas and Tonopah each week. The Lockheed F-117 was developed by the Lockheed Advanced Development Projects Devision better known as Lockheed Skunk Works as the first operational combat aircraft designed around stealth technology. C-104 • Da mit den Maschinen häufig während der Nacht geflogen wird und eine Desorientierung zum direkten Absturz führen kann, wurden die Maschinen mit einer Schaltung ausgerüstet, die einen sogenannten Controlled flight into terrain verhindern soll. Sie wurde beschädigt, konnte aber Kroatien erreichen und dort landen. ", "Navy still not interested in F-117N; JAST plan due tomorrow. Constellation-Familie • ", Morocco, John D. "Lockheed Returns to Navy with new F-117N Design. F-117 @ Elevon ; Lockheed Martin Skunkworks; F-117A Nighthawk @ Holloman AFB ; F-117 @ CyberBob's Low Observables Page ; Stealth Secrets of the F-117 Nighthawk By Don Hollway ; F-117 @ [unofficial] Aircraft Defense Information Center . The F-117 Nighthawk was developed in response to the urgent national need for a jet fighter that could operate completely undetected by the enemy. C-121 • XR6O / R6V • Die beiden Waffenschächte werden, wie die Fahrwerksbuchten, lediglich bei Bedarf geöffnet, die Kanten der Cockpitverglasung, Ruderflächen, Betankungseinrichtung und Sensorik sind entsprechend den oben genannten Prinzipien gestaltet. 1998 betrugen die Stückkosten für eine F-117 nach Angaben der USAF rund 80 Millionen US-Dollar. F-94 • Sie ist nicht für Luftkämpfe geeignet. The Nighthawk's maiden flight took place in 1981 at Groom Lake, Nevada, and the aircraft achieved initial operating capability status in 1983. ", "Skunk Works official touts A/F-117X as Navy stealth option. We leverage a massive near–real-time dataset of human mobility and we model mobility restrictions as an exogenous shock to the economy, similar to a natural disaster. [19] The program was led by Ben Rich, with Alan Brown as manager of the project. However, F-117 pilots have stated the nickname is undeserved. The Only American Stealth Fighter Ever Shot Down, Russia Offers India $8 Billion Weapons Deal, nur eine einzige online auffindbare Weiterverbreitung, https://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lockheed_F-117&oldid=207581315, „Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike“, Der erste Absturz ereignete sich am 20. [9], Wahrscheinlich wurden jedoch seit April 2008 bis heute (Stand 2019) vier bis sechs Flugzeuge auf der Tonopah-Basis für Flugversuche in Bereitschaft gehalten, um die Leistungsfähigkeit von Radarsystemen zur Erfassung von Stealth-Flugzeugen (z. By August, two were remaining. [8], The F-117 was born after the Vietnam War, where increasingly sophisticated Soviet surface-to-air missiles (SAMs) had downed heavy bombers. 8 Sirius • Die F-117 kann einen Großteil der derzeit in den Vereinigten Staaten produzierten lasergelenkten Bomben (Laser Guided Bombs, LGBs) einsetzen und ist mit fortschrittlichen Navigations- und Angriffssystemen ausgestattet, die in eine Avionik-Ausrüstung auf dem derzeitigen Stand der Technik integriert sind, die die Missionseffektivität steigert und den Piloten entlastet. ", Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017, National Museum of the United States Air Force, List of military aircraft of the United States, "Method of Edge Waves in the Physical Theory of Diffraction. [25], The Air Force denied the existence of the aircraft until 10 November 1988, when Assistant Secretary of Defense J. Daniel Howard displayed a grainy photograph at a Pentagon press conference, disproving the many inaccurate rumors about the shape of the "F-19". Air Combat: A History of Fighter Pilots. Starlifter • YO-3 • [83] In July 2019, one Nighthawk was spotted flying above Death Valley, trailing behind a KC-135R Stratotanker in a hybrid aggressor scheme. ", "Lockheed Martin targets RAF and USN for F-117. Eine weitere Maschine wurde während der NATO-Luftangriffe so stark beschädigt, dass sie außer Dienst gestellt werden musste.[19]. NIGHTHAWK F117 LIMITED - Free company information from Companies House including registered office address, filing history, accounts, annual return, officers, charges, business activity. Designed to evade enemy radar systems, the F-117A was developed as a stealth attack aircraft by Lockheed's famed "Skunk Works" unit in the late 1970s and early 1980s. Die Lockheed F-117A Nighthawk ist das weltweit erste einsatzbereite Flugzeug, das sich einer Tarnkappentechnik auf Basis der Vermeidung von Rückstrahlungen zum Sender zunutze machte. Apparently, use of the "117" radio call became commonplace and when Lockheed released its first flight manual (i.e., the Air Force "dash one" manual for the aircraft), F-117A was the designation printed on the cover. Bei der Lockheed Have Blue handelt es sich um einen Machbarkeitsnachweis für ein Flugzeug mit Tarnkappentechnik, das schließlich in die F-117A mündete. F-35, PBO • 116117.de - Kassenärztliche Bundesvereinigung Informieren Sie sich auf 116117.de, wie Sie Corona-Symptome erkennen, wo Sie Corona- Tests machen können und wie Sie sich und andere schützen. Television viewers who tuned to the Cable News Network (CNN) on the evening of January 16, 1991, were treated to a rare live preview of wars to come. 9 Orion • X-27 • A-28 • C-63 • The first 10 of the 55 F-117 aircraft in service were retired in December 2006. P-3 (P3V) • We send them today to their final resting place—a home they are intimately familiar with—their first, and only, home outside of Holloman. This precision-strike aircraft penetrates high-threat airspace and uses laser-guided weapons against critical targets. [63] By 2005, the aircraft was used only for certain missions, such as if a pilot needed to verify that the correct target had been hit, or when minimal collateral damage was vital. The F-117 has a radar cross-section of about 0.001 m2 (0.0108 sq ft). Durch die Möglichkeit zur Luftbetankung kann die F-117 weltweit eingesetzt werden; die Reichweite wird nur durch die Leistungsfähigkeit des Piloten beschränkt. YF-12 • X-56 • ", "The Advent, Evolution, and New Horizons of United States Stealth Aircraft", "Cracks in the Black Dike, Secrecy, the Media and the F-117A", "First Public Display of the F-117 at Nellis AFB April 21, 1990.". [17][18], The decision to produce the F-117A was made on 1 November 1978, and a contract was awarded to Lockheed Advanced Development Projects, popularly known as the Skunk Works, in Burbank, California. Es wird von Lockheed Martin gefertigt. Am 20. Though in use in by 1983, the existence of the F-117A was not acknowledged until 1988 and the aircraft was not fully revealed to the … C-69 • The 4450th was absorbed by the 37th Tactical Fighter Wing in 1989. F-97 • Nighthawk • NATO stealth missions continue after crash. F-10 • R7O / R7V • A-29 • Because the F-117 was classified during this time, the unit was officially located at Nellis Air Force Base, Nevada, and equipped with A-7 Corsair II aircraft. PILOT OPERATIONAL PROCEDURES—F-117A - AIR COMBAT COMMAND … [108], Data from U.S. Air Force National Museum, for the F-117A. [53], Congress had ordered that all F-117s mothballed from 30 September 2006 onwards were to be maintained "in a condition that would allow recall of that aircraft to future service" as part of the 2007 National Defense Authorization Act. Zwar wurde die F-117 im April 2008 offiziell außer Dienst gestellt, jedoch gab es seit dieser Zeit immer wieder Meldungen über weiterhin fliegende Exemplare. XF-90 • [21][22], F-1 • Im Februar 2019 konnte dies durch Fotos von zwei Maschinen bei Versuchsflügen belegt werden. The F-117 has been used several times in war. [44] PBD 720 called for 10 F-117s to be retired in FY2007 and the remaining 42 in FY2008, stating that other Air Force planes and missiles could stealthily deliver precision ordnance, including the B-2 Spirit, F-22 and JASSM. F-4 • (Examples include the F-15, the B-2, and the A-6.) Lockheed F-117 Nighthawk je prvé sériovo vyrábané lietadlo na svete, ktoré bolo skonštruované s využitím technológie stealth.Toto lietadlo bolo vytvorené pre potreby United States Air Force na základe poznatkov a skúseností z tajného projektu Have Blue.Z hľadiska klasifikácie ide o nočný bombardér. F-20 • [28] The last of 59 production F-117s were delivered on 3 July 1990. An exhaust plume contributes a significant infrared signature. Oktober 1987 in der Nähe von, Am 14. ", "DOD 4120.15-L: Model Designation of Military Aerospace Vehicles", "Gulf War 20th: Emerging from the Shadows. YF-12 • [2] The Nighthawk's pilots called themselves "Bandits". "[2], The operational aircraft was officially designated "F-117A". M-21 • Targets are acquired by a thermal imaging infrared system, paired with a laser rangefinder/laser designator that finds the range and designates targets for laser-guided bombs. Außerdem verfügt die F-117 über ein Instrumentenlandesystem (ILS), Global Positioning System (GPS), Forward Looking Infrared (FLIR)-System sowie JTIDS-Terminals (Joint Tactical Information Distribution System), ein Local Area Network (LAN) mit anderen ausgerüsteten Waffenträgern beispielsweise E-3 Sentry AWACS oder E-8 Joint-STARS-Bodenüberwachungsflugzeugen. The F-117A was the first warplane to be specifically designed from the outset for low radar observability. Oxcart • [39] The cockpit was quite spacious, with ergonomic displays and controls, but the field of view was somewhat obstructed with a large blind spot to the rear. Luftfahrzeugs befinden sich heute im Luftfahrtmuseum am Flughafen Belgrad zur Tonopah Test in... Waffen mit einem passiven Infrarot-Such-und-Zielsystem, genannt FLIR und DLIR, für Forward- bzw high-threat airspace and uses laser-guided against. Von General Electric, die bis auf den fehlenden Nachbrenner baugleich mit denen der F/A-18 Hornet sind a! 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