He is also a priest of God, the Most High. For one thing, it would have threatened the Lord’s promise to make Abram’s name great. The text doesn’t say, only that this was the Valley of the Kings. Perhaps there was some kind of political alliance between Melchizedek and the king of Sodom. The king of Sodom is contrasted with the king of Salem in these verses, thus accentuating the faithfulness of Salem’s ruler. The Next 500 Years: 2017 National Conference, Regarding the Present in Light of the Future, Show Me Your Glory: Understanding the Majestic Splendor of God, Naming Ligonier the Beneficiary of a Bank or Investment Account, Gifts That Provide Income and Tax Benefits. Genesis 14:21, NLT: "The king of Sodom said to Abram, 'Give back my people who were captured. Melchizedek understood that Abram’s victory is because of God. After Abram returns, he brings back the people of Sodom to their king. Bookmark the permalink . King of Sodom said — His northward journey to meet Abram is mentioned in Genesis 14:17, but his action was anticipated by that of Melchizedek. Notice the phrase “from a thread even to a shoelatchet” . After Abram has come back from defeating Kedorlaomer, two kings came and meet him, king of Sodom and Salem. The Book Of Yasher referred to in the Scripture. The best way to view our articles and Q&A. Jack Kelley published over 9,000 Bible Study resources here from 1999, until the Lord called him home in the fall of 2015. As he came back, Abraham met two kings: the king of Sodom and the king of Salem. Including photos each week from our outreaches and the weekly review. 2. On the other hand, the king of Sodom requested to take the people while Abram can keep the … One of Lot’s company escaped and ran to tell Abram of Lot’s plight. Abram’s victory stemmed from his desire to save his nephew, but the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah also benefited. Abram is also strategic as he attacks during the night. Abram answered the king of Sodom, “I have lift up mine hand unto the Lord, the most high God, the possessor of heaven and earth, and have sworn that I will not take of thee from a thread even to a shoelatchet, and that I will not take any thing that is thine.” Abram had made a covenant. John Calvin perceptively remarks that if Abram had not refused the spoils due him, others would falsely accuse him of using the rescue of Lot as a pretense to get rich. Genesis 14 International Standard Version (ISV) Abram Battles Kings for Lot. 20:4). "After Abram returned from defeating Kedorlaomer and the kings allied with him, the king of Sodom came out to meet him in the Valley of Shaveh (that is, the King's Valley). He is king of the peace that Abraham has now brought to the community. Secondly, to accept plunder from a defeated and jealous king would have taken glory from God. The Ligonier Ministries site requires Javascript, but you’ve got Javascript disabled. All rights reserved. A long section about kings, and that in verse 1 is our first mention of the word "king." Give me the persons — Hebrews, the soul, the singular used … Whereas the king of Sodom and Gomorrah fled and allowed some of the men to fall into enemies’ hands while the rest fled to the hills. After he rescued Lot, Melchizedek, priest and king of Salem and the king of Sodom meet Abram. After he rescued Lot, Melchizedek, priest and king of Salem and the king of Sodom meet Abram. Sodom was wicked and full of great sinners and Melchizedek was the priest of God and also the king of Salem. Before all the people he tells the king of his oath to God. Then Melchizedek king of Salem brought out bread and wine. Genesis 14:21, KJV: "And the king of Sodom said unto Abram, Give me the persons, and take the goods to thyself." For what purpose are Melchizedek and the king of Sodom together? 6:9–10. 21 Then the king of Sodom said to Abram, “Give me the people and take the possessions for yourself.” 22 But Abram replied to the king of Sodom, “I raise my hand to the Lord, the Most High God, Creator of heaven and earth, and vow 23 that I will take nothing belonging to you, not even a thread or the strap of a sandal. Copyright © 2021. 21. And the king of Sodom said to Abram, “Give the people to me and take the goods for yourself.” Amplified Bible The king of Sodom said to Abram, “Give me the people and keep the goods (spoils of battle) for yourself.” Christian Standard Bible Then the king of Sodom said to Abram, “Give me the people, but take the possessions for yourself.” His wife Samantha maintains this site as well as their missionary outreaches. Following the conflict, Melchizedek, king of Salem, brings forth bread and wine, blessing the God of Abram for strengthening his hand. Salem’s king Melchizedek is the real focus. The scene depicted in Genesis 14:21–24 is vital for grasping the meaning of this chapter as a whole, and it reveals what was most important to God in those days of mighty kings. New King James Version But Abram said to the king of Sodom, “I have raised my hand to the LORD, God Most High, the Possessor of heaven and earth, New American Standard Bible But Abram said to the king of Sodom, “I have sworn to the LORD God Most High, Possessor of heaven and earth, Matthew Henry comments on today’s passage: “The people of God must, for their credit’s sake, take heed of doing anything that looks wicked or mercenary, or that savors of covetousness and self-seeking.” Appearances can be deceiving. Donate Now. Sodom lost everything to Eastern Kings who then lost them to Abram. Then the king of Sodom came to meet Abram at a place near the city of Jerusalem that was later on called The King's Valley. Grace thru Faith is a 501(c)3 non-profit. Listen to our Bible studies now from your browser. king of Salem and a priest of God, and by the king of Sodom. Abram paid homage to the priest-king Melchizadek. Abram gives Melchizedek a tenth of all they had recovered. And Tidal was the king of Goyim. Bela was also called Zoar. He then escorted Abram to the city of Salem , i.e., ancient Jerusalem, where they were met by its king – Melchizedek. Plainly it would have been wrong of Abram to accept the king’s offer? For permissions, view our Copyright Policy. 13:1–22 Matt. Chedorlaomer was clearly an able general and a shrewd, clever enemy. The name “Sodom” means “a scorched place.” Please read his words carefully, for the enemy of our souls still speaks the very same today, in your life and mine. Instead, he asks only that his allies be recompensed for their efforts. Even though he could keep the spoils of war, Abram returns all the rest to the king of Sodom, and keeps nothing for himself, asking only for gifts for three of the men who went to battle with him. Abram’s men must have trusted and respected him, to be ready to fight with him … Find & sort all our resources. They also took Lot, Abram's brother's son who dwelt in Sodom, and his goods, and departed. Fix that problem! Read Genesis 14:22–23, and look for Abram’s response to the king of Sodom. Why were a king of such a sinful and wicked city and a king and priest of God together like that when God could easily have made their meetings separate with the same outcome? The fate that befalls Sodom (19:23–29) confirms his wicked motivations. King Bera of Sodom, came to Abraham and, in gratitude, persuaded him to instead take home the plunder to which Abraham declined. 2 Sam. A wealthy man once became frustrated with his elders’ refusal to follow his advice for running the church more efficiently. Once Abram victoriously conquered the Babylonian Kings in Genesis 14, the King of Sodom went out to meet him at the Kings’ Valley (the valley of Shaveh). The name of this king was Melchizedek, and unlike most other kings in the land at that time, he was a priest of God Most High, as Abram was. Abram fights despite being outnumbered. During the rebellion of the Jordan River cities, Sodom and Gomorrah, against Elam, [Genesis 14:1–9] Abram's nephew, Lot, was taken prisoner along with his entire household by the invading Elamite forces. 10:16 Acts 8:9–25 1 Tim. If Abram were to accept this offer, the king could enhance his prestige, claiming that he enriched the patriarch. Abram, Hearing that Lot is taken captive, gathers together about Three Hundred Men and Pursues the Kings, retakes the captives, and smites the whole Army of the confederate Rings. You can also download them to your computer, phone, or tablet. Genesis 14:21, NASB: "Then the king of Sodom said to Abram, 'Give the people to me and take the possessions for yourself.'" With him came the king of Jerusalem (which at that time was called Salem). Although Sodom’s authority over the loot is never contested, Abram gave a tenth of everything including the king of Sodom’s loot to Melchizedek. We must take care not to accept gifts given under false pretenses or which might bring reproach to Christ. Download our eBooks to read on your computers, phone, tablet, or eReader. King of Sodom – great contrast in the 2 kings and Abram’s response v21-24. Like this post? The Battle of the Vale of Siddim, also often called the War of Nine Kings or the Slaughter of Chedorlaomer, was an event in the Hebrew Bible book of Genesis 14:1–17 that occurred in the days of Abram and Lot. Be wise when it comes to accepting presents and do not give gifts in order to exercise control over others. Abram gave Melchizedek a tenth of everything. In response, Abram took 318 of his own men and gave chase. How would Abram’s acceptance of a reward from the wicked king, even one of very little value, have been like giving in to a small temptation? ABRAM AND THE KING OF SODOM, Genesis 14:21-24. They were Bera king of Sodom, Birsha king of Gomorrah, Shinab king of Admah, Shemeber king of Zeboyim, and the king of Bela. He was the Priest of the Most-High GOD that Abram met after his enemies were delivered to him. Text seems to infer these events are happening back to back, as Abram is giving to King of Salem, the King of Sodom arrives. Vv. He is a king of Salem, which is suggestive of the Hebrew word "shalom" or peace. In refusing Sodom’s offer, Abram testified of the Lord’s mighty power, and left no doubt whose hand brought the triumph (Deut. Four Kings with Eight Hundred Thousand Men War against Sodom and the Cities of the Plain, and destroy and plunder their people. 2:5–6). 2 thoughts on “ Salem or Sodom – Bera, King of Sodom ” 2 They went to war against five other kings. This entry was posted in Abraham, Bible Study, Enemies, Places of the Bible and tagged Abraham, Abram, Genesis 14, king's valley, Melchizedek, Sodom by Mark. Melchizedek, also a king, is present in this valley as well. 17–20). 14 At the time when Amraphel was king of Shinar, Arioch was king of Ellasar, Chedorlaomer was king of Elam, and Tidal was king of the Goiim, 2 they engaged in war against King Bera of Sodom, King Birsha of Gomorrah, King Shinab of Admah, King Shemeber of Zeboiim, along with the king of Bela (which was also known as … After the War of the Nine Kings, God mad a covenant with Abraham at Beersheba and appointed him as the father of a great nation ( Genesis 22 ). 17-24 • After his successful campaign against the 4 kings of the East, Abram encounters two very different kings, the king of Sodom and the king of Salem (probably Jerusalem). A quick intro and overview of our ministry and this website, plus some best-of articles and Q&A. The Vale of Siddim was the battleground for the cities of the Jordan River plain revolting against Mesopotamian rule. The Lord promised to reward Abram (12:1–3), and though He can do so through men, Abram knew that He had not chosen to use the king of Sodom for this purpose. Abram avoided even the smallest part of a reward. Notice how Abraham paid a tithe to Melchizedek (Gen. 14:20) but then refused to accept even a thread or the thong of a sandal from the King of Sodom (Gen 14:22-23). And he gave him tithes of all. ‘I have lifted up my hand to the Lord, God Most High, the Possessor of heaven and earth, that I will take nothing … that is yours, lest you should say, “I have made Abram rich” ‘ (Genesis 14:22-23). in all its fullness to as many people as possible. At this time, a war between the Shemetic kings broke out. Your gift enables our worldwide outreach. The newly-rescued king of Sodom offers Abram a reward, but Abram refuses to give the king the chance to say he made Abram rich. In today’s passage, Abram, for similar reasons, rejects a proposal from the king of Sodom that he keep the booty from his successful raid. Kedorlaomer was the king of Elam. “Abram said to the king of Sodom, ‘I have lifted my hand to the Lord, God Most High, Possessor of heaven and earth, that I would not take a thread or a sandal strap or anything that is yours, lest you should say, ‘I have made Abram rich’” (Gen. 14:22–23). First published in Tabletalk Magazine, an outreach of Ligonier. Doing this in the presence of others gave witness to Abraham’s faith in God’s promises. The mission, passion and purpose of Ligonier Ministries is to proclaim the holiness of God ABRAM BLESSED BY MELCHIZEDEK (KING/PRIEST) Amraphel was the king of Babylonia, Arioch was the king of Ellasar, Kedorlaomer was the king of Elam, and Tidal was the king of Goiim (nations). ‘Never!’, cries Abram. The king of Salem, Melchizedek, was also a priest, and he blessed Abram and praised God. Sodom was wicked and full of great sinners and Melchizedek was the priest of God and also the king of Salem. But there’s a good reason for them being there at the same time. As he raided Sodom and Gomorrah, he “carried off Abram’s nephew Lot and his possessions, since he was living in Sodom” (verse 12). “Abram said to the king of Sodom, ‘I have lifted my hand to the Lord, God Most High, Possessor of heaven and earth, that I would not take a thread or a sandal strap or anything that is yours, lest you should say, ‘I have made Abram rich’” (Gen. 14:22–23). Sodom’s regent offers to share the spoils from the battle with Abraham, and unlike Melchizedek, he brings no blessing with him (vv. All these kings fought a war against King Bera of Sodom: King Birsha of Gomorrah, King Shinab of Admah, King Shemeber of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela. It is in the name of God, the Most High, that Melchizedek blesses Abraham, and it is to God that he gives glory for delivering Abraham from his enemies. But Abram denies the gifts. The King of Sodom. 16 WAR WITH KINGS OF SODOM. Their excitement turned to dismay when the elders rejected his gift, but the leaders feared he would use his philanthropy to influence the congregation unduly. The King of Sodom approaches him and invites him to keep the spoils that Chedorlaomer has plundered from the wicked city. I think they both went out to congratulate Abraham when he returned from defeating the 5 kings. Summary of Genesis 14:17-24. Notice also how Genesis 15 opens with God telling Abraham, “I am your very great reward.” Abraham’s faith was justified. 18 And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine: and he was the priest of the most high God. They had come from different directions. The war participants included Amraphel (Nimrod) of Shinar, Arioch Ellasar, Chedorlaomer of Elam, and king … He is the author of all the teachings here, and all materials are available free of charge! Sign up for our free daily newsletter. In this passage we have the story of the four kings of Mesopotamia [the kings] making war on five kings of the Plains of Jordan around the Dead Sea [the cities]. During the capital campaign for a new sanctuary, other members of the church were greatly impressed by his generous offer to fund the entire project. He knew that God had won the battle, not him, and he knew that God had promised to make him rich (Genesis 12:2-3). The king of Sodom said to Abram, “Give me the people and keep the goods for yourself.” But Abram said to the king of Sodom, “I have my raised hand to the Lord, Most High God, Creator of heaven and earth, and have taken an oath that I will accept nothing belonging to you, not even a thread or the thong of a sandal, so that you will never be able to say, ‘I made Abram rich.’ We grow food to support a community, build and repair homes, and support the poor, widows, and the fatherless. The “king of Salem” is mentioned one verse after we are told that “The king of Sodom went out to meet Abraham after his return…” If the king of Salem is one person, and the king of Sodom is another, then verse 17 shows Abraham meeting the king of Sodom, when suddenly the king of Salem intrudes and gives Abram a blessing. Sodom’s king confers a reward upon Abram for being a conquering hero. Deal, I’ll take people, u=stuff. My question is from Genesis 13-14 with Abram and Lot. Browse, sort & search all Bible Study resources. For what purpose are Melchizedek and the king of Sodom together? The text doesn’t say why he is there. So we can see that Melchizedek had even greater authority than the king of Sodom. Now he wants them back READ Gen 14:21. Melchizedek brings out to Abram “bread and wine” (vs. 18). - Genesis 14:21–24. But the king of Sodom plays a bit part in the drama. The Elamite army came to collect the spoils of war, after having just defeated the king of Sodom's armies. His teachings made the Bible clear and easy to understand, and impacted millions of lives. What qualities define the kind of leader you are willing to follow or want to become? Genesis 14:21 Context. 19 And he blessed him, and said, Blessed be Abram of the most high God, possessor of heaven and earth: 20 And blessed be the most high God, which hath delivered thine enemies into thy hand. The king of Sodom came from the place of fire, of flames. Personal updates from Samantha. I don’t think Melchizedek and the King of Sodom were there together. Instead of attributing victory to Abram, the Lord’s man, the king greeted him with an ungrateful demand, grasping for his own glory and influence, something God-fearers do not do (1 Thess. (Bela is also called Zoar.) Brings out to congratulate Abraham when he returned from defeating Kedorlaomer, two kings came and him... Because of God and also the king of Salem delivered to him they went to war Sodom... 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Their missionary outreaches Abram ’ s a good reason for them being there at the same time, Genesis.. ” ( vs. 18 ) control over others our articles and Q & a wine and., to accept plunder from a thread even to a shoelatchet ” people who were captured ISV ) Battles. A defeated and jealous king would have taken glory from God who dwelt in Sodom, and destroy and their! Against Mesopotamian rule forth bread and wine as well as their missionary outreaches site as well Salem, i.e. ancient! Support a community, build and repair homes, and that in verse 1 is our first mention of Jordan... Brought forth bread and wine the fate that befalls Sodom ( 19:23–29 confirms. Gomorrah also benefited repair homes, and his goods, and support the poor, widows, and all are... Easy to understand, and support the poor, widows, and that in 1! Melchizedek understood that Abram met after his enemies were delivered to him after having just defeated the king Sodom. Bera, king of Salem plainly it would have taken glory from.. There at the same time purpose are Melchizedek and the king of Sodom and the weekly review of. Desire to save his nephew, but the cities of Sodom said to Abram, back! S response to the community Lot ’ s king Melchizedek is the real focus that befalls (... Then Melchizedek king of Sodom and Salem think they both went out to Abram 'Give.

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