This battle would be commemorated with the setting up of the Templo Mayor at the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan. License. This may reference the connection between Coatlicue and the star demons known as the tzitzimime, who the Aztecs believed would devour the human population if the sun should ever fail to rise. The Coatlicue sculpture in Mexico City’s National Museum of Anthropology is one of the most famous Mexica (Aztec) sculptures in existence (her name is pronounced “koh-at-lee-kway”). There appears to be feathers or fur of some kind going up the legs of the statuette. Her skirt is made from entwined snakes, giving rise to her sobriquet, “Serpent Skirt.” [1] "Coatlicue," Museo Nacional de Antropología, accessed April 24, 2014. Temple Mayor, Tenochtitlanby Wolfgang Sauber (CC BY-SA). Scholars generally accept this monument as representing the deity Coatlicue, or “Snakes Her Skirt.” The monument stands eight feet and nine inches tall, four feet and three inches wide, and four feet and three inches deep. The basalt statue of Coatlicue is one of several that have been unearthed, but this one contains the most detail. ... Manuscripts in the Middle Ages were produced in factories in which hundreds of duplicate pages were made quickly using a printing press. Cartwright, Mark. Web. Stone. The god of war got his own way by decapitating and eat… Ancient History Encyclopedia. She is referred to variously by the epithets "Mother Goddess of the Earth who gives birth to all celestial things", "Goddess of Fire and Fertility", "Goddess of Life, Death and Rebirth", and "Mother of the Southern Stars". Coatlicue (pron. Oct 26, 2018 - Explore Mary Sanders Lazenby's board "Coatlicue", followed by 231 people on Pinterest. She gave birth to the god of the sun – Huitzilopochtli, and re-birthed her favorite daughter goddess Coyolxauhqui as the moon. A beautiful,new handmade Coatlicue the Mexica version, aztec earth goddess and mother of gods, she of the serpent skirt. She was depicted as a woman wearing a skirt of snakes and a necklace of hearts torn from victims. [8] Again, a pairing of two is made between a male earth lord and a female earth mother. The figure is 3.5 m high, 1.5 m broad and depicts the goddess in her most terrible form with a severed head replaced by two coral snakes, representing flowing blood. [1] It is currently housed in the Museo Nacional de Antropología in Mexico City, along with other monuments that depict similarities in iconography. Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. Coatlicue was a goddess thirsty of human sacrifices. Google Classroom Facebook Twitter. This idea of two concepts being compared can be seen primarily through the two serprents that form the godess’ head, which face each other as if literally “butting heads.” The juxtaposition between both serpent and eagle motifs create a contradiction between land, or the earth, and the sky, or the cosmos. Because she features serpent qualities, one relates her to fertility, as serpents are largely understood to be symbols of fertility in Mexica works. She also had sharp claws in her hands and feet. Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. The overall symmetry of the work only further supports the dual nature. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Snakes are symbols of both death and fertility in many This use of Aztec iconography suggested that Coatlicue had been dismembered, with the twin head snakes possibly repre… The massive Coatlicue is well known for her skirt made of interwoven serpents. Her children became angry and plotted to kill her, but the ball of feathers—later Huitzilopochtli—comforted Coatlicue from the womb and later was born at the perfect moment in order to kill Coyolxauhqui and her four hundred siblings. . Polykleitos's statue Doryphoros, or Spear Bearer, demonstrates a new naturalistic stance called contrapposto. The goddess was worshipped in the spring ritual of Tozozontli in the rainy season and in the autumnal hunting festival of Quecholli, when an impersonator of the goddess was sacrificed. Coatlicue gave birth to the sun and moon – giving light to the earth night and day. Coatlicue is represented as a woman wearing a skirt of writhing snakes and a necklace made of human hearts, hands, and skulls. Interestingly enough, she can still be read as human. It was unearthed less than half a mile south of the site of Tenochtitlan’s Templo Mayor. The Tlaltecuhtli relief demonstrates the importance of the monument as a devotional, sacred item. What does this sculpture represent and of what is it constructed?-Coatlicue is an Aztec goddess.The sculpture of Coatlicue represents an old woman who was the mother of the patron god, Huitzilopochtli and symbolized a creator and destroyer of the earth. Coatlicue (pron. At her back her hair hangs down in 13 tresses symbolic of the 13 months and 13 heavens of Aztec religion. Email. [4] Elizabeth Hill Boone, "The 'Coatlicues' at the Templo Mayor," Ancient Mesoamerica, 10 (1999): 190. Her feet and hands are adorned with claws and her breasts are depicted as hanging flaccid from pregnancy. The figure is 3.5 m high, 1.5 m broad and depicts the goddess in her most terrible form with a severed head replaced by two coral snakes, representing flowing blood. 22 Jan 2021. Coatlicue. The head of the goddess looks like two snakes looking right at each other. The most iconic representation of Coatlicue is the colossal basalt statue in Mexico City’s Museo Nacional de Antropología. Cite This Work Templo Mayor at Tenochtitlan, the Coyolxauhqui Stone, and an Olmec Mask . Great desk decor. Bernardino de Sahagún describes Coatlicue in his account of the birth of Huitzilopochtli, the deity who led the Mexica people to Tenochtitlan. An Aztec sculptor created her out of an igneous rock … It is important, though, to remember the original purpose of the sculpture as seen in large part through the Tlaltecuhtli relief. Her head is made up of the joined heads of two snakes, and the skirt that she wears is made of snakes woven together. Coyolxauhqui, whose name signifies 'Painted with Bells', was considered either the sister or mother of Huitzilopochtli, the Aztec god of war and patron of Tenochtitlan. COATLICUE. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. Coatlicue had 400 children (gods and goddess of stars). This deity was often carved into the bottom of monuments in order for him to be in as close contact as possible with the earth below him. [6] Eagle feathers symbolized the cosmos, or the sky, in Mexica iconography. She also wears an apron made of a skull, leather, shells, and eagle feathers on her back. See more ideas about aztec, aztec art, aztec culture. Coatlicue. The feet and hands of the goddess are claws. This was perhaps because Coatlicue played such an important role in Aztec cosmology, especially with respect to the story of creation. Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/Coatlicue/. Discuss the details of the imagery that makes up the sculpture and what they represent. Coatlicue was also the patron of childbirth, was associated with warfare, governance and agriculture, and considered the female aspect of the primordial god Ometeotl. The title of this sculpture is The Goddess Coatlicue. [5] Richard Townsend, The Aztecs (New York: Thames & Hudson, 2009), 114. She is wearing a necklace made of alternating human hands and hearts with her breasts exposed. The feathers also point to the ancient narrative of Huitzilopotchli’s founding of Tenochtitlan—as the city was marked by an eagle perched on a cactus. [3] León-Portilla and Shorris, "Sacred Narrative," 206-207. Though the Aztcs had many gods and goddesses, Coatlicue was considered an important deity. Statue of Coatlicue displayed in National Museum of Anthropology and History in Mexico City Coatlicue , also known as Teteoinan (also transcribed Teteo Inan ), "The Mother of Gods" ( Classical Nahuatl : Cōhuātlīcue [koːwaːˈtɬiːkʷe] , Tēteô īnnān ), is the Aztec goddess who gave birth to the moon, stars, and Huitzilopochtli , the god of the sun and war. In 1790, renovators found this massive monument buried under the Zócalo, the major plaza of Mexico City. Ancient History Encyclopedia. She wears a necklace of hearts, hands, and a skull—or symbols of life and death. The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. Connections to the earth and motherhood can clearly be seen through a reading of the monument’s iconography. Co-at-li-cu-e) or 'Serpent Skirt' was a major deity in the Aztec pantheon and regarded as the earth-mother goddess. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. The skirt on the statue is made up of snakes that are overlapping. Coatlicue: 1. The gods of the Aztecs (1345-1521 CE) were many and varied and... Coatlicue (pron. One day, as she was sweeping, a ball of feathers descended from the heavens and when she tucked it into her belt it miraculously impregnated her. Coatlicue was the mother of “four hundred gods of the south and their sister Coyolxauhqui.”[2] One day Coatlicue was sweeping and a ball of feathers came down to impregnate her. The massive Coatlicue is well known for her skirt made of interwoven serpents. [7] Many aspects—such as the inclusion of both land and sky iconography—seem to be contradictory or dualistic. In fact, one of the most famous Aztec sculptures depicted her wearing a skirt made of rattlesnakes. Some Rights Reserved (2009-2021) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. The Aztec ruler Motecuhzoma II had sent a party of 60 magicians to visit Coatlicue in the mythical ancestral home of the Mexica, Aztlan, in a quest for supreme knowledge. A famous statue in Mexico's National Museum of Anthropology represents the idea of Coatlicue as creator and destroyer. Is the primary motive of this monument to bring about thoughts of life or death? Coatlicue, c. 1500, Mexica (Aztec), found on the SE edge of the Plaza mayor/Zocalo in Mexico City, basalt, 257 cm high (National Museum of Anthropology, Mexico City) A conversation with Dr. Lauren Kilroy-Ewbank and Dr. Steven Zucker [3] Coatlicue’s role as the mother of the gods and Huitzilopotchli leads to her depiction as an aged earth mother figure. A statue of Coatlicue, also known as the Coatlicue Stone, was created between 1300 and 1500 in Tenochtitlan, Mexico. It is an eight feet tall Basalt statue from c. 1500 created to portray the Aztec goddess of the earth, the goddess of childbirth and warfare and considered the mother of gods. In another version the god springs from his mother's severed neck but either way, with his formidable weapon, the xiuhcoatl ('Fire Serpent') which was actually a ray of the sun, the warrior-god swiftly butchered his unruly siblings and chopping up Coyolxauhqui into several large chunks he lobbed the pieces down the mountainside. Statue depicted of Coatlicue Coatlicue, (Nahuatl: “Serpent Skirt”) Aztec earth goddess, symbol of the earth as both creator and destroyer, mother of the gods and mortals. Coatepec. Because she stands as a human, one understands her to be a woman. Her two snake heads facing each other, represent … "Coatlicue." [5] In general there is a connection between fertility and the earth as the Mexica economy and society was largely agriculturally based. The resulting child was none other than the powerful Aztec god of war Huitzilopochtli. As the Coatlicue exists today in a museum, it loses its devotional value. It was created during the Mexican Revolution. Because her breasts are exposed, one associates her with motherhood and life-giving qualities. Coatlicue is wearing a necklace of severed human hands and hearts, with a large skull pendant. Made of white cement, sand marble glass black eyes and mounted on black wooden base. Coatlicue was traditionally portrayed wearing a skirt of writhing snakes. They were also meant to work in dialogue with other works. Last modified November 28, 2013. Coatepec with the intention of killing their dishonoured mother. In art Coatlicue is most famously represented in the colossal basalt statue found at Tenochtitlan which now resides in the National Museum of Anthropology in Mexico City. Co-at-li-cu-e) or ‘Snake Skirt’ was an important deity in the Aztec pantheon and was considered the goddess of mother earth. The colossal sculpture of the Aztec mother goddess Coatlicue (3.4.16) is made of _____. She wears wrist bands of streamers and leg bands of eagle feathers and bells. This is the currently selected item. Here was the statue of the goddess made of stone. “Coatlicue” Goddess Of The Earth was intrinsically electro-acoustic in nature. [2] Miguel León-Portilla and Earl Shorris, "Sacred Narrative: The Founding of Tonochtitlan and the Birth of Huitzilopotchli," in In the Language of Kings: Mesoamerican Literature—Pre-Columbian to the Present. In another myth involving the goddess she warned the Mexica of their future demise. statue thing? Written by Mark Cartwright, published on 28 November 2013 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. The figure features eagle claws for feet, serpents displaying their fangs for hands, and two serpents which curl over her shoulders and meet face to face to form a head. Cartwright, Mark. However, the Aztec mother goddess, Coatlicue, looks very different from the images you might be used to seeing. She is the the Great Mother, in whom both the womb and the grave co-exist. However, Coatlicue's other offspring, her daughter Coyolxauhqui ('Painted with Bells' and perhaps representing the Moon), herself a powerful goddess, and her sons the Centzon Huitznahua ('Four Hundred Huiztnaua', who represented the stars of the southern sky) were outraged at this shameful episode and they stormed Mt. The statue is called Coatlicue and was found in Tenochtitlan, the middle of Mexico city. Aside from her skirt, Coatlicue also wore a necklace of alternating hands and human hearts. She was commonly portrayed with a face of serpents in place of a human head, and her hands were likewise replaced with snakes. She stands on two legs like a human, has two arms, and even features exposed breasts which sag to symbolize many years of being a mother. A further link to the myth was the large stone placed at the base of the pyramid which has a relief carving of the dismembered Coyolxauhqui. Aztec goddess of the earth, symbol of the earth as creator and destroyer, mother of gods and mortals. Because she features serpent qualities, one relates her to fertility, as serpents are largely understood to be symbols of fertility in Mexica works. Discover Coatlicue Statue in Mexico City, Mexico: Come face to face with the ferocious visage of the serpent-headed mother goddess of the Aztecs. https://www.ancient.eu/Coatlicue/. Furthering the theme of serpents, her head is composed of two snake heads facing each other to resemble a single, forward-facing face. In art Coatlicue is most famously represented in the colossal basalt statue found at Tenochtitlan which now resides in the National Museum of Anthropology in Mexico City. The Return to Coatlicue: Goddesses and Warladies in Mexican Folklore, Coatlicue: Disertaciones sobre una escultura mítica, El Regreso A Coatlicue: Diosas Y Guerreras En El Folklore Mexicano, Stressed, Unstressed: Classic Poems to Ease the Mind, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Related Content She also wears her typical skirt of entwined snakes whilst her hands and feet have the large claws which she uses to rip up human corpses before she eats them. Unearthing the Aztec past, the destruction of the Templo Mayor. (New York:Norton, 2001), 205. The giant pyramid was covered in snake sculpture and even the shadows cast by its steps were designed to reference Mt. ( 3.4.16 ) is made up of snakes that are overlapping 3.4.16 ) is made up the... 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