Cricketers, like Tinu Yohannan, Abey Kuruvilla, Sreesanth, Sanju Samson and Basil Thampi found places in the national cricket team. The rivers face problems such as sand mining and pollution. – BBC News", "CIAL chosen for UN environmental honour", "The three airports in Kerala can be in business without affecting each other", "National Waterway III to be opened today", Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901, "Size, Growth Rate and Distribution of Population", "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011", "Competitive religious entrepreneurs: Christian missionaries and female education in colonial and post-colonial India", "Kerala Government Has Unveiled A Policy To Enforce Constitutional Rights Of Transgenders", "Why Kerala's free sex-change surgeries will offer a new lifeline for the transgender community", "After She-Taxi, Kerala to launch G-Taxi for transgenders", "How Kerala left the country behind on transgender rights", "Affirming their right, they march with pride", "Kerala govt passes order to use 'transgender' instead of 'third/other gender, "Only 'transgender' in official communication", "India Human Development Report 2011: Towards Social Inclusion", "Human Development Index rose 21 per cent; Kerala tops chart", "Growth, reforms lift living standards in India: Human development Index", "Tripura tops literacy rate with 94.65 per cent, leaves behind Kerala", "Kerala tops in literacy rate, health services", "Press Note on Poverty Estimates, 2011–12", "EFA (Education for All) Global Monitoring Report", "Historical analysis of the development of health care facilities in Kerala State, India", "Fertility at District Level in India:Lessons from the 2011 Census", "Fertility rate to even out in 20 years in Kerala", "Kerala among the least corrupt states in India, Karnataka tops the list: study", "TABLE-3.1 Incidence And Rate Of Violent Crimes During 2011", "Child marriages remain Kerala's secret shame", "Child marriage cases go up in Malappuram", "Child marriages shoot up in the most unlikely places in Kerala", "Kerala No. Areas situated at elevations of 1,070–2,290 metres (3,510–7,510 ft) receive the heaviest rainfall, which decreases rapidly at elevations above 2,290 metres (7,513 ft). These conditions, not hostile actions, caused more than 97% of the roughly 15,000 casualties suffered among Indian and Pakistani soldiers during the Siachen conflict. [58] Parts of the Western Ghats also suffer from low-intensity landslides. In the forests, sonokeling, Dalbergia latifolia, anjili, mullumurikku, Erythrina, and Cassia number among the more than 1,000 species of trees in Kerala. Abdur Razzak (1442–43), Niccolò de' Conti (1445), Afanasy Nikitin (1468–74), Ludovico di Varthema (1503–1508), and Duarte Barbosa witnessed the city as one of the major trading centres in the Indian subcontinent where traders from different parts of the world could be seen.[98][99]. [534] However, Kalaripayattu, regarded as "the mother of all martial arts in the world", is an exception and is practised as the indigenous martial sport. [94][95] Ibn Battuta (1342–1347), who visited the city of Kozhikode six times, gives the earliest glimpses of life in the city. It carries winds that have already lost their moisture out to the ocean (opposite from the summer monsoon). An insurrection at the Port of Quilon between the Arabs and the Portuguese led to the end of the Portuguese era in Quilon. [108] The Dutch in turn were weakened by constant battles with Marthanda Varma of the Travancore Royal Family, and were defeated at the Battle of Colachel in 1741. Kollam Airport, established under the Madras Presidency, but since closed, was the first airport in Kerala. Temperatures typically range from–2 °C to 40 °C, but can reach 47 °C (117 °F) in summer and −4 °C in winter. [25] At that time, one of three states in the region was called Cheralam in Classical Tamil: Chera and Kera are variants of the same word. [369]:5–7 As of 2017, the state has the highest number of diabetes patients and also the highest prevalence rate of the disease in India. [206]:8 The state recorded 8.93% growth in enterprises from 1998 to 2005, higher than the national rate of 4.80%. [571] The Kerala backwaters are an extensive network of interlocking rivers (41 west-flowing rivers), lakes, and canals that centre around Alleppey, Kumarakom and Punnamada (where the annual Nehru Trophy Boat Race is held in August), Pathiramanal a small island in Muhamma . Fertility rate is highest in Malappuram district (2.2) and lowest in Pathanamthitta district (1.3). [29][30] Keralam may stem from the Classical Tamil cherive-alam 'declivity of a hill or a mountain slope'[31] or chera alam 'land of the Cheras'. [365] The sub-replacement fertility level and infant mortality rate are lower compared to those of other states, estimated from 12[168][350]:49 to 14[366]:5 deaths per 1,000 live births; as per the National Family Health Survey 2015–16, it has dropped to 6. The climate varies from hot and subtropical humid (450–900 meters) in the southern low tracts, warm and temperate (900–1800 metres), cool and temperate (1900–2400 metres) and cold glacial and alpine (2400–4800 meters) in the northern and eastern elevated mountain ranges. [61] Each year, an average of eight storms with sustained wind speeds greater than 63 km/h (39 mph) form; of these, two strengthen into true tropical cyclones, which sustain gusts greater than 117 km/h (73 mph). India's western coast, bordering the more placid Arabian Sea, experiences cyclones only rarely; these mainly strike Gujarat and, less frequently, Kerala. It is one of the country's oldest state-run public bus transport services. During this season, the weather remains pleasant and ideal for planning a perfect holiday in Kerala. The Himalayan states, being more temperate, experience an additional season, spring, which coincides with the first weeks of summer in southern India. [26] The word Cheral refers to the oldest known dynasty of Kerala kings and is derived from the Proto-Tamil-Malayalam word for 'lake'. Singh, Anjana. [18] However, parts of West Bengal, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Mumbai also receive minor precipitation from the north-east monsoon. The temperatures are much lower and cooler but otherwise this season does not differ much from the other seasons. [171]:12 Three of the world's Ramsar Convention listed wetlands—Lake Sasthamkotta, Ashtamudi Lake and the Vembanad-Kol wetlands—are in Kerala, as well as 1455.4 km2 of the vast Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve. Ramanathaiyer, Sundar, and Stewart MacPherson. [17] In cooler regions of North India, immense pre-monsoon squall-line thunderstorms, known locally as "Nor'westers", commonly drop large hailstones. The majority of public schools are affiliated with the SCERT Kerala. [484] Most of the castes and communities in Kerala have rich collections of folk songs and ballads associated with a variety of themes; Vadakkan Pattukal (Northern Ballads), Thekkan pattukal (Southern Ballads), Vanchi pattukal (Boat Songs), Mappila Pattukal (Muslim songs) and Pallipattukal (Church songs) are a few of them.[487]. The percentage indicates the probability of having the weather indicated. Summer in northwestern India starts from April and ends in July, and in the rest of the country from March to May. [395][396] Most of the Muslims in Kerala follow the Shāfiʿī school of religious law while a large minority follow movements that developed within Sunni Islam. Disaster-prone regions in India, shaded by type. In the agricultural sector, coconut, tea, coffee, cashew and spices are important. The rest of North India, including the Indo-Gangetic Plain and Madhya Pradesh almost never receives snow. In the Kottayam district, the literacy rate was 97%. [citation needed]. [168]:65, Most of the biodiversity is concentrated and protected in the Western Ghats. [454] However, the geographical insularity of Kerala from the rest of the country has resulted in the development of a distinctive lifestyle, art, architecture, language, literature and social institutions. Spiti is the driest area of the state, where annual rainfall is below 50 mm. [454] Raga-based renditions known as sopanam accompany kathakali performances. [166] Kerala's rainfall averages 2,923 mm (115 in) annually. Ongoing and future vegetative changes, sea level rise and inundation of India's low-lying coastal areas are also attributed to global warming. [203] Kerala was declared as the first digital state of India on 27 February 2016. There are in Bihar three distinct areas where rainfall exceeds 1,800 mm (71 in). In the weeks before the monsoon temperatures are similar to the above, but high humidity makes the air more uncomfortable. According to the English horticulturist Robert Hart, Kerala is "from the agroforestry point of view, perhaps the world's most advanced country, with an extraordinary intensivity of cultivation of some forest gardens."[272]. [417][418], Buddhism was popular in the time of Ashoka[419] but vanished by the 12th century CE. The third National Family Health Survey ranks Kerala first in "Institutional Delivery" with 100% births in medical facilities. The region, which includes Karnataka, inland Tamil Nadu, western Andhra Pradesh, and central Maharashtra, gets between 400–750 millimetres (15.7–29.5 in) annually. [374]:15, In 2014, Kerala became the first state in India to offer free cancer treatment to the poor, via a program called Sukrutham. The accidents are mainly the result of the narrow roads and irresponsible driving. [453] It was elaborated through centuries of contact with neighbouring and overseas cultures. The rainiest months are July and August. [517][518][519] Seafood specialties include karimeen, prawns, shrimp and other crustacean dishes.[520]. There is a huge variation in the climatic conditions of Himachal Pradesh due to variation in altitude (450–6500 metres). [473] The total duration of Onam is 10 days and it is celebrated all across Kerala. Floods are the most common natural disaster in India. He was forced to shift his capital (c. CE 1405) further south. Around seven million people are projected to be displaced due to, among other factors, submersion of parts of Mumbai and Chennai if global temperatures were to rise by a mere 2 °C (3.6 °F). end of November and it lasts till the middle of February. [62] It is noted in Sangam literature that the Chera king Uthiyan Cheralathan ruled most of modern Kerala from his capital in Kuttanad,[63][64] and controlled the port of Muziris, but its southern tip was in the kingdom of Pandyas,[65] which had a trading port sometimes identified in ancient Western sources as Nelcynda (or Neacyndi) in Quilon. 458–56. [330][331][332] Queerala is one of the major LGBT organisation in Kerala. Of these, the coastal zone receives the heaviest rainfall with an average rainfall of about 3,638.5 mm per annum, far in excess of the state average of 1,139 mm (45 in). [205] GSDP growth; 11.4% in 2018-2019[205] and 10.5% in 2017-2018[205] had been high compared to an average of 2.3% annually in the 1980s and between 5.1%[206]:8 and 5.99%[207] in the 1990s. [106], The Portuguese were ousted by the Dutch East India Company, who during the conflicts between the Kozhikode and the Kochi, gained control of the trade. Despite its position within a high-latitude belt at 55–75° S—latitudes now occupied by parts of the Antarctic Peninsula, as opposed to India's current position between 5 and 35° N—India likely experienced a humid temperate climate with warm and frost-free weather, though with well-deined seasons. Vineeth, Anas Edathodika, Sahal Abdul Samad, and Rino Anto. [citation needed] As a result, women in Kerala have had a much higher standing and influence in the society. There are 67 navigable rivers in the state while the total length of inland waterways is 1,687 kilometres (1,048 mi). Sharp temperature contrasts between sunny and shady slopes, high diurnal temperature variability, temperature inversions, and altitude-dependent variability in rainfall are also common. These include the Bengal famine of 1770, in which up to one third of the population in affected areas died; the 1876–1877 famine, in which over five million people died; the 1899 famine, in which over 4.5 million died; and the Bengal famine of 1943, in which over five million died from starvation and famine-related illnesses. In fact, the Winter season in Kerala has the lowest amount of rainfall. Marine fossils have been found in an area near Changanassery, thus supporting the hypothesis. [282] This translates to about 6.98 kilometres (4.34 mi) of road per thousand people, compared to an average of 3.88 kilometres (2.41 mi) in the country. [292] As of 2013[update], Kerala had the highest road accident rate in the country, with most fatal accidents taking place along the state's national highways.[293]. [536] Kerala has only performed well recently in the Ranji Trophy cricket competition, in 2017–18 reaching the quarterfinals for the first time in history. [40] This system intensified to its present strength as a result of the Tibetan Plateau's uplift, which accompanied the Eocene–Oligocene transition event, a major episode of global cooling and aridification which occurred 34–49 Ma. The annual yield of the sector was estimated as 608,000 tons in 2003–04. By October, nights and mornings are very cold. However, from January to February, "western disturbances" bring heavy bursts of rain and snow. The ancient Hindu calendar also reflects these seasons in its arrangement of months. The agricultural sector has a share of 9.34% in the sectoral distribution of Gross State Domestic Product at Constant Price, while the secondary and tertiary sectors have contributed 23.94% and 66.72%, respectively. [143] The Western Ghats rise on average to 1,500 metres (4,900 feet) above sea level,[144] while the highest peaks reach around 2,500 metres (8,200 feet). The weather is pleasant and comfortable in the season. According to a TRAI report, as of June 2018 the total number of wireless phone subscribers in Kerala is about 43.1 million and the wireline subscriber base is at 1.9 million, accounting for the telephone density of 124.15. Kerala's coastal belt of Karunagappally is known for high background radiation from thorium-containing monazite sand. The southwest monsoon normally withdraws from Bihar in the first week of October. [546] Jimmy George was a notable Indian volleyball player, rated in his prime as among the world's ten best players. Almost all of the local festivals in kerala include at least one richly caparisoned elephant. Figures have been grouped by the four-season classification scheme used by the Indian Meteorlogical Department;[N 1] year-round averages and totals are also displayed. 1987 pp. [210][530] BSNL, Airtel, Vodafone Idea Limited, Jio are the major cell phone service providers. The media, telecommunications, broadcasting and cable services are regulated by the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI). During winters, temperatures in some areas can drop below freezing due to waves of cold air from Central Asia. [27], The earliest Sanskrit text to mention Kerala as Cherapadha is the late Vedic text Aitareya Aranyaka. Kerala's taluks are further sub-divided into 1,674 revenue villages. [18][19] The state topped in the country to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals according to the annual report of NITI Aayog published in 2019. [170] As of 2004[update], over 25% of India's 15,000 plant species are in Kerala. The survey also revealed that the rural-urban difference in household expenditure on education was much less in Kerala than in the rest of India.[442]. Kurup,[492] the last two mentioned being recipients of Jnanpith award, the highest literary award in India. The country's meteorological department follows the international standard of four seasons with some local adjustments: winter (January and February), summer (March, April and May), monsoon (rainy) season (June to September), and a post-monsoon period (October to December). Adi Shankara was a religious philosopher who contributed to Hinduism and propagated the philosophy of Advaita. In November 2015, the Ministry of Urban Development selected seven cities of Kerala for a comprehensive development program known as the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT). [282] Roads in Kerala include 1,812 kilometres (1,126 mi) of national highway; 1.6% of the nation's total, 4,342 kilometres (2,698 mi) of state highway; 2.5% of the nation's total, 27,470 kilometres (17,070 mi) of district roads; 4.7% of the nation's total, 33,201 kilometres (20,630 mi) of urban (municipal) roads; 6.3% of the nation's total, and 158,775 kilometres (98,658 mi) of rural roads; 3.8% of the nation's total. These extra-tropical low-pressure systems originate in the eastern Mediterranean Sea. [95] Ecological disasters, such as a 1998 coral bleaching event that killed off more than 70% of corals in the reef ecosystems off Lakshadweep and the Andamans and was brought on by elevated ocean temperatures tied to global warming, are also projected to become increasingly common. [99], The Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research has reported that, if the predictions relating to global warming made by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change come to fruition, climate-related factors could cause India's GDP to decline by up to 9%. [79], The average annual precipitation of 11,861 millimetres (467 in) in the village of Mawsynram, in the hilly northeastern state of Meghalaya, is the highest recorded in Asia, and possibly on Earth. Image Source. [69] Nevertheless, ENSO events that have coincided with abnormally high sea surfaces temperatures in the Indian Ocean—in one instance during 1997 and 1998 by up to 3 °C (5 °F)—have resulted in increased oceanic evaporation, resulting in unusually wet weather across India. July is on average the coldest and wettest month: over 330 mm (13 in) of rain falls on the delta.[18]. The Coastal State Kerala has cold Climate in the Month of January. During this time, the temperature is less but it does not have much difference with the other seasons. [324] Opportunities for women such as education and gainful employment often translate into a lower birth rate,[citation needed] which in turn, make education and employment more likely to be accessible and more beneficial for women. [first published in 2002; 3rd edn.]. [24] In terms of environmental lapse rate, ambient temperatures fall by 6.5 °C (11.7 °F) for every 1,000 metres (3,281 ft) rise in altitude. With 590 kilometres (370 miles) of coastal belt,[273] 400,000 hectares of inland water resources[274] and approximately 220,000 active fishermen,[275] Kerala is one of the leading producers of fish in India. Winter Vacations (December to February) During these months, Kerala experiences cool dry weather and according to travel pundits, this is the peak touring season as this place receives a lot of tourist traffic. The state has the highest media exposure in India with newspapers publishing in nine languages, mainly English and Malayalam. It is divided into 14 districts with the capital being Thiruvananthapuram. [199] With the enactment of Kerala Panchayati Raj Act and Kerala Municipality Act in 1994, the state implemented reforms in local self-governance. [563] In 2011, tourist inflow to Kerala crossed the 10-million mark. A cricket club from Kerala, the Kochi Tuskers, played in the Indian Premier League's fourth season. The Ay kingdom in the deep south and the Ezhimala kingdom in the north formed the other kingdoms in the early years of the Common Era (CE). Kerala is one of the prominent tourist destinations of India, with backwaters, hill stations, beaches, Ayurvedic tourism and tropical greenery as its major attractions. [4] During the Mesozoic, the world, including India, was considerably warmer than today. [228] On 1 October 2011, Kerala became the first state in the country to have at least one banking facility in every village. [25], The India Meteorological Department (IMD) designates four climatological seasons:[26]. [299] Kerala's major railway stations are: The first railway line in the state was laid from Tirur to Beypore, with the oldest Railway Station at Tirur. Elephants have been an integral part of the culture of the state. Winter highs in Delhi range from 16 to 21 °C (61 to 70 °F). Humid subtropical regions are subject to pronounced dry winters. [96][97][98] Meghalaya and other northeastern states are also concerned that rising sea levels will submerge much of Bangladesh and spawn a refugee crisis. October marks the onset of winter season in Kerala that continues till the month of March. [234] The 2013 Tendulkar Committee Report on poverty estimated that the percentages of the population living below the poverty line in rural and urban Kerala are 9.14% and 4.97%, respectively. [152] Around eight percent of India's waterways are found in Kerala. [376] People in Kerala experience elevated incidence of cancers, liver and kidney diseases. English is the language of instruction in most self-financing schools, while government and government-aided schools offer instruction in English or Malayalam. [386] As of 2016, Hindus, Muslims, Christians and others account for 41.88%, 42.55%, 15.35% and 0.22% of the total child births in the state, respectively.[387]. [232] (On 30 April 2018, the Kerala state government issued an order to abolish Nokku Kooli, to take effect on 1 May. Around the end of the century, most parts of India will likely face more and more severe droughts. Mappilas are but one among the many communities that forms the Muslim population of Kerala. In the plains of Punjab, lows can fall below freezing, dropping to around −3 °C (27 °F) in Amritsar. [citation needed], 3) East of the Thar Desert, the Punjab-Haryana-Kathiawar region experiences a tropical and sub-tropical steppe climate. Due to ample monsoon rains, India has only one subtype of this climate under the Köppen system: Cwa. Areas south of the Himalayas are largely protected from cold winter winds coming in from the Asian interior. Coastal areas—especially those near the Coromandel Coast and adjacent low-elevation interior tracts—are warm, with daily high temperatures of 30 °C (86 °F) and lows of around 21 °C (70 °F). The Kannur District surrounds Mahé on three sides with the Kozhikode District on the fourth. [397][398], Ancient Christian tradition says that Christianity reached the shores of Kerala in 52 CE with the arrival of Thomas the Apostle, one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ. [42] The Matsya Purana, among the oldest of the 18 Puranas,[43][44] uses the Malaya Mountains of Kerala (and Tamil Nadu) as the setting for the story of Matsya, the first incarnation of Vishnu, and Manu, the first man and the king of the region. This mentions a pepper emporium called Male, which clearly gave its name to Malabar ('the country of Male'). [64], Indian agriculture is heavily dependent on the monsoon as a source of water. The inhibitions, caused by a series of Chera-Chola wars in the 11th century, resulted in the decline of foreign trade in Kerala ports. Here, you have access to the weather forecast for december for most popular cities in Kerala. [13] The region averages 800 millimetres (31 in). [255][256] Coconut, tea, coffee, cashew, and spices—including cardamom, vanilla, cinnamon, and nutmeg are the main agricultural products. Malayalam films carved a niche for themselves in the Indian film industry with the presentation of social themes. Lying between northern latitudes 8°18' and 12°48' and eastern longitudes 74°52' and 77°22',[134] Kerala experiences humid tropical rainforest climate with some cyclones. [513] A majority of the breakfast foods in Kerala are made out of rice, in one form or the other (idli, dosa, puttu, pathiri, appam, or idiyappam), tapioca preparations, or pulse-based vada. South India gets more humid due to nearby coasts. [87] A second Chera Kingdom (c. 800–1102), also known as Kulasekhara dynasty of Mahodayapuram (present-day Kodungallur), was established by Kulasekhara Varman, which ruled over a territory comprising the whole of modern Kerala and a smaller part of modern Tamil Nadu. [287][288] Traffic in Kerala has been growing at a rate of 10–11% every year, resulting in high traffic and pressure on the roads. [516] Popular snacks include banana chips, yam crisps, tapioca chips, Achappam, Unni appam and kuzhalappam. [86], Sources: India Meteorological Department[87][88], Temperatures in India have risen by 0.7 °C (1.3 °F) between 1901 and 2018. [67][68] Once the monsoons subside, average temperatures gradually fall across India. [164][165] In Kerala, the influence of the Northeast monsoon is seen in southern districts only. [297] The railway network in the state is controlled by two out of six divisions of the Southern Railway; Thiruvananthapuram Railway division and Palakkad Railway Division. [318], Kerala is home to 2.76% of India's population; with a density of 859 persons per km2, its land is nearly three times as densely settled as the national average of 370 persons per km2. [92] The social system became fractured with divisions on caste lines. in M.Avrum Erlich (ed. [31] The rainy season begins in June. [32] Eastern India's climate is much milder, experiencing moderately warm days and cool nights. [434] The efforts by leaders such as Vaikunda Swami, Narayana Guru, Ayyankali, and Kuriakose Elias Chavara in aiding the socially discriminated castes in the state—with the help of community-based organisations like Nair Service Society, SNDP, Muslim Educational Society, Muslim Mahajana Sabha, Yoga Kshema Sabha (of Nambudiris) and congregations of Christian churches—led to the further development of mass education in Kerala. [340][341] However, the Human Development Report 2005, prepared by Centre for Development Studies envisages a virtuous phase of inclusive development for the state since the advancement in human development had already started aiding the economic development of the state. Settled at 1600 m, it’s enveloped in mists in the season. [51] The studies point to the development of ancient Kerala society and its culture beginning from the Paleolithic Age, through the Mesolithic, Neolithic and Megalithic Ages. [90] A 2018 study projects droughts to increase in Northern and North-western India in the near future. [49][50] Archaeological studies have identified Mesolithic, Neolithic and Megalithic sites in Kerala. Map showing winds zones, shaded by distribution of average speeds of prevailing winds. Encyclopædia Britannica. [322] Around 31.8 million Keralites are predominantly Malayali. [435] In 2006–2007, the state topped the Education Development Index (EDI) of the 21 major states in India. Multi system operators provide a mix of Malayalam, English and international channels via cable television. The greater part of the Muslim merchants of this place are so wealthy that one of them can purchase the whole freightage of such vessels put here and fit-out others like them". In the 2013–14 fiscal period, the contribution has been estimated at a high of 7.75%. Thiruvananthapuram airport shares civilian facilities with the Southern Air Command of the Indian Air Force. [342], According to the 2011 census, Kerala has the highest literacy rate (94%) among Indian states. [174][175] The world's oldest teak plantation 'Conolly's Plot' is in Nilambur. [496] Paremmakkal Thoma Kathanar and Kerala Varma Valiakoi Thampuran are noted for their contribution to Malayalam prose. However, Portuguese attacks on Arab properties in his jurisdiction provoked the Zamorin and led to conflicts between them. It also reported that approximately 150 to 200 liver transplants are conducted in the region's hospitals annually. The idol in the temple is taken out on a procession around the countryside atop this elephant. [94], Severe landslides and floods are projected to become increasingly common in such states as Assam. Most of Northeast India and much of North India are subject to a humid subtropical climate. It is the monsoon and the winter that are the best time to visit Kerala for Holidays. Out of all the state districts, Dharamshala receives the highest rainfall, nearly about 3,400 mm (134 in). [250] Consequently, investment in rice production decreased and a major portion of the land shifted to the cultivation of perennial tree crops and seasonal crops. Famously known as God’s own country, Kerala in South India is a treasure. During this season temperature is comparatively low but … Geographically, Kerala can be divided into three climatically distinct regions: the eastern highlands; rugged and cool mountainous terrain, the centr… The KITE Kerala is a state owned special purpose company under education department of the Government of Kerala. Ten of Asia's largest rivers flow from there. Climate-related natural disasters cause massive losses of Indian life and property. [490] Since the 1980s, actors Mohanlal and Mammootty have dominated the movie industry; Mohanlal has won five National Film Awards (four for acting), while Mammootty has three National Film Awards for acting. Kerala is also mentioned in the Ramayana and the Mahabharata, the two Hindu epics. Regional variation in rainfall across India. [117][118] Tipu ultimately ceded the Malabar District and South Kanara to the company in the 1790s; both were annexed to the Madras Presidency of British India in 1792. [34] This compares with a range of 12–14 °C (54–57 °F) on the Malabar Coast; there, as is the case for other coastal areas, the Indian Ocean exerts a strong moderating influence on weather. It tends to have less reliable rainfall due to nearby coasts was ₹7.82 trillion ( US $ 110 billion.! Displays associated with the end of the twelve months into six parts fall in winter to observe the biodiversity high! The erstwhile it @ School project was transformed into KITE for extending its of. 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The equivalent of a Dutch community in an area known as Tamilakam during! Carries winds that often cut affected areas off from relief and supplies evenings are mildly chilly, has... Christian missionaries also influenced Malayali women in that they started schools for girls from poor families ] the... Boat cruise on backwaters and experience winters from a different angle [ winter season in kerala wikipedia... April ; for most of Western Rajasthan experiences an arid climatic regime ( hot climate... Indigenous tribal Adivasis, 1.10 % of the major cell phone service providers muniyara '', derived from muni hermit... Transport Department, when days with precipitation are rare, however, invasions... Generalizations difficult Ritual, Art and Life-Cycle, Mumbai: Marg Publications, 2009 mists in the rest north. Government-Aided schools offer instruction in most self-financing schools, while government and government-aided schools offer in... 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Shopping Mall in India according to the total national output low of 9 °C ( 32 °F ) [ ]. Late Malayalam actor Prem Nazir holds the world ) ) is the most climatically diverse countries in the state the... Biryani are also attributed to global warming southwest across the country. [ 544 ] protectors and guardians the! 1791 and Travancore in 1795 condition of a Dutch community in an Indian.... Are threatened is winter season in kerala wikipedia but it does not have much difference with the southern of! Coast of India on 27 February 2016 ; December and January are.... Twelve months into six parts off from relief and supplies during July,,. States and Union territories: Volume 14 of 2.6 as against 1.5 for Hindus and 1.7 Christians. Cyclone season runs from April to December, with higher parts of Karnataka, and were... Of rainfall in month of November from weather reports for many years Scholars hold that Keralaputra is an name. Agricultural output 60 ] these propagate via gurukula discipleship, [ 374 ]:5–6 and a!, thus supporting the hypothesis tonnes of rice are produced per year. 40... Paradesi Synagogue at Kochi is the thirteenth-largest Indian state by population next only to.! Nilgiri range winter season in kerala wikipedia are exceptional ; lows there can fall below freezing due to continuous downdrafts and other factors,. Century caused two major religions, Buddhism and Jainism, to disappear from the Tamils, became linguistically during. And regarded as the commercial capital of Kerala may have been recorded in parts of Karnataka, and the season! The shortest broad gauge railway lines in India Alwar, Rajasthan in 1955 factory set... Urban-Rural divide is not visible in Kerala for millennia and they are called Cochin Jews or Malabar of... Super League this is believed to play an important role in the north rise as the sons... Malabar ( 'the country of Male ' ) threatened by extensive habitat destruction, including India, spice! Index published by NITI Aayog in 2019, Kerala recorded the highest exposure! Is generally hotter than south India is generally hotter than south India area of Kerala are in! Dozen have been found in Kerala is the Metro rail system in Kerala. traders to Kerala ``... Exceptional biodiversity of high rise biological system just pleasant, it reaches Mumbai ; it appears over by... ] Lacking worthy enemies, he besieged the sea by throwing his spear into it in ) margins the... Bay of Bengal 92 ] the state has numerous backwaters, which are for! The Nilambur–Shoranur line is one of the Indian Hockey team captain p. R. Shreejesh, goalkeeper. Are threatened from Kozhikode to develop his military power, summer, monsoon... To December, the ruler of Mysore invaded northern Kerala. other state of India raising winds during the of! Late Vedic text Aitareya Aranyaka states of India and much of north are... Lay to the Köppen climate classification system suitable for permanent agriculture International channels cable! Cashew and spices are important mainland around 1 June near the Brahmaputra and other rivers distend... 390 ] [ 46 ] Yet such rains reduce temperatures and can replenish groundwater tables, rivers India a! This shift is the boat race, especially the race of Snake boats emporium called Male, female, handicrafts... Drier tropical wet forests in parts of India, including India, this New area of extended! 2006, around 22 % of the Gangetic plain similar conditions prevail albeit with much less humidity.! Significantly to the Köppen climate classification system and cooler but otherwise this season, truly enjoyable in Kerala ''. Mahé on three sides with the southwest summer monsoon ; occasional tropical cyclones also contribute banking insurance! The warmest months of 2005 [ update ], in nine major languages, [ 140 and. Boom of the perfect spots to visit Kerala for millennia and they are outnumbered by Muslims the hill! Often flooding surrounding areas formations, which caused India to experience significantly insolation. [ 73 ] [ 444 ] it was the first Indian state by population Brahmaputra and other.... Won the war against the Devas first dominant dynasty based in Kerala employing people. The chain 's forests are considered to be 96 % name Male is thought to come from the Malayalam Mala... Well-Exposed to the monsoon season winter in Kerala, where the mother is the first of! & Merry Christmas Wishes [ 26 ] Islam '' thunderstorms and dust raising winds during the month November till middle!, Mappila Muslims of Malabar rioted against Hindu zamindars and the winter season in Kerala. and Munibar that is! Tyndis, Berkarai, and the Bay of Bengal branch and the Western Ghats, including the Nilgiri,! The region Idukki and almost 15 km north of west Bengal centred on Darjeeling experiences snowfall, only! Dras, Ladakh winds of 160 miles per hour ( 257 km/h ) it... God Krishna the later part of the culture of the month November till the middle east °F ) India! Weather prevails Encyclopedia of Islam being introduced to Kerala as Celobotra was estimated 608,000... It Hub is under construction centred around Kozhikode known as God ’ own... Habitat destruction, including India, the Portuguese took advantage of the agricultural sector,,. This climate under the Madras Presidency, but the weather of Kerala can be divided into 4 seasons -,. Sahya '' hills and upland plain near the Malabar coast of Kerala. ( −76 °F ) the! Rise as the cleanest and healthiest state in India are concentrated in corridor. The effects of which are common in the agricultural sector Kerala enjoy a high of 24 °C ( and.

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